gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : resources or advantage acquired or increased : profit made substantial gains last year
2 : the act or process of acquiring something
3a : an increase in amount, magnitude, or degree a gain in efficiency
b : the increase (as of voltage or signal intensity) caused by an amplifier especially : the ratio of output over input
c : the signal-gathering ability of an antenna

gain

verb
gained; gaining; gains

Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to acquire or get possession of usually by industry, merit, or craft gain an advantage he stood to gain a fortune
b : to win in competition or conflict the troops gained enemy territory
c(1) : to arrive at : reach, attain gained the river that night
(2) : traverse, cover gained 10 yards on the play
d : to get by a natural development or process gain strength
e : to establish a specific relationship with gain a friend
2a : to make an increase of (a specified amount) gained three percent in the past month
b : to increase in (a particular quality) gain momentum
3 : to win to one's side : persuade gain adherents to a cause
4 : to cause to be obtained or given : attract gain attention
5 of a timepiece : to run fast by the amount of the clock gains a minute a day

intransitive verb

1 : to get advantage : profit hoped to gain by the deal
2a : increase the day was gaining in warmth
b : to increase in weight
c : to improve in health or ability
3 of a timepiece : to run fast
4 : to get closer to something pursued usually used with on or upon
gain ground
: to make progress

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Other Words from gain

Verb

gainer noun

Examples of gain in a Sentence

Noun The medication can cause nausea and weight gain. attributed her recent weight gain to the medication she was taking Verb They stand to gain an advantage over their competitors by getting an early start. What do you hope to gain from this? gain control of the territory Investigators are trying to gain access to the group's financial records. We were unable to gain admission to the club. We need to gain a better understanding of the problem. They had nothing to lose and everything to gain. He first gained attention as a young writer. Her theories are slowly gaining acceptance. I took the job to gain experience.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Over the last few decades, however, studies in Europe and China began to look at a link between weight gain and being an only child; some also looked at birth order. Sandee Lamotte, CNN, "Only children are more likely to be obese, study says," 6 Nov. 2019 Auburn’s defense threw something new at LSU and made big stops but LSU’s big gains and long series wore Auburn down in the 23-20 loss Saturday. Giana Han, al, "Auburn’s defense dominates but Auburn falls short to LSU," 27 Oct. 2019 The junior escaped pressure, slipped out the right side and up the sideline for an 11-yard gain and critical first down. Kyle Neddenriep, Indianapolis Star, "A breakthrough win? Sure feels like it. 'Did you see what we’re doing at Indiana?’," 27 Oct. 2019 Play was halted for a review which ended in a reversal, a 21-yard gain and a first down - even though several angles showed Cota was out of bounds. Michelle Gardner, azcentral, "UCLA overwhelms No. 24 ASU to notch first home win of season," 26 Oct. 2019 But in the end, economic gains and a $7.7 billion GM investment pledge for U.S. factories were too much to turn down. Tom Krisher, Anchorage Daily News, "GM workers ratify contract, ending contentious 40-day strike," 25 Oct. 2019 Other studies suggest that specific oligosaccharides or mixtures of them in breast milk correlate with excessive weight gain and risk of allergies in breastfeeding infants. Alice Callahan, Smithsonian, "In Pursuit of a Better Baby Formula," 25 Oct. 2019 But in the end, economic gains and a $7.7 billion GM investment pledge for U.S. factories were too much to turn down. Tom Krisher, Twin Cities, "GM workers ratify contract, ending contentious 40-day strike," 25 Oct. 2019 Net income includes the gains and losses on its reserves of $934.6 million as of Dec. 31. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Children's Hospital of Wisconsin to change its brand name to Children's Wisconsin," 21 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Scientists say that Taku Glacier was gaining mass between 1946 and 1988, growing by about a foot per year. Fox News, "World’s thickest mountain glacier is melting, new NASA images reveal," 9 Nov. 2019 And as Buttigieg is gaining ground in Iowa, Warren debuted a new line of criticism for him in the Hawkeye State. CBS News, "The five big things you need to understand about the Democratic primary right now," 8 Nov. 2019 This latter goal was tricky for Vegyn, who first gained notoriety as a contributor to Frank Ocean’s Endless and Blonde. Will Schube, Billboard, "Vegyn, Frank Ocean Collaborator, Gets 'Frustrated With A Lot of Modern Electronic Music'," 8 Nov. 2019 In 1994, midterm elections resulted in Republicans winning a majority in the Senate while at the same time gaining control of the House for the first time in 40 years. BostonGlobe.com, "In 1837, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (Mount Holyoke College) opened: It is the oldest existing school that was established as an institution of higher education for women.," 8 Nov. 2019 The 6-6 wing has gained 15 pounds of muscle since the end of last season and looks physically different. Jon Rothstein, New York Times, "Players to Watch in the 2019-20 College Basketball Season," 8 Nov. 2019 Burger Dive Josh Thoma, Kevin Fitzgerald and Nick O’Leary are fast gaining a reputation for their burgers since taking over the Tony Jaros space in northeast Minneapolis. Nancy Ngo, Twin Cities, "Five things to know about Potluck food hall opening soon at Rosedale Center," 7 Nov. 2019 The explosion of interest in discriminatory treatment against women at the workplace also comes amid a growing rejection of sexist norms in Japanese society as the #MeToo movement started gaining ground since 2018. Isabella Steger, Quartz, "“It gives a cold impression”: Why Japanese companies ban female staff from wearing glasses," 7 Nov. 2019 During a history-making election night which saw Democrats gained control of the Virginia state legislature, Briskman was voted on to a seat on the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors, representing the county’s Algonkian district. Mahita Gajanan, Time, "Woman Who Lost Job After Flipping Off Trump's Motorcade Wins Election in Virginia," 6 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gain.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gain

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for gain

Noun

Middle English gain, borrowed from Anglo-French gain, gaigne, gaaing "tillage, winning, profit," derivative of gaainer, gaaigner "to till, secure (profit, advantage)" — more at gain entry 2

Note: See note at gain entry 2.

Verb

Middle English gaynen "to prevail against," borrowed from Anglo-French gaainer, gaaigner "to cultivate, till, secure (profit, advantage), capture, acquire, be victorious," going back to Old Low Franconian *waiđanjan, of uncertain meaning and origin

Note: The presumed Old Low Franconian verb *waiđanjan has no exact counterpart in neighboring Germanic languages, and given the diverse meanings of the French verb, hypotheses that explain it are all somewhat tenuous. The base has traditionally been taken to be that of Old High German weida "pasture," Old Saxon weiđa, from which a verb meaning "to pasture" was derived, which then hypothetically developed the sense "to cultivate, till" and further derived senses. Alternatively, the verb could be linked to Old High German weidenōn "to hunt," a derivative of weida "hunt, quantity of game taken, catch" (corresponding to Old English wāth "hunt, chase, wandering," Old Norse veiðr "catch, haul of fish"). In Middle English both the noun and verb are presumed to have crossed with borrowings of Old Norse gagn "advantage, victory." Early Modern English gain has acquired senses directly from Middle French and French gagner.

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Statistics for gain

Last Updated

12 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for gain

The first known use of gain was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for gain

gain

noun

Financial Definition of gain

What It Is

A gain, also called a capital gain, is an increase in the value of an investment. It is the difference between the purchase price (the basis) and the sale price of an asset. Thus the formula for gain is:

Sale Price - Purchase Price = Gain

Note that this formula assumes the sale price is higher than the purchase price. If an investor sells an asset for less than he or she paid, this is called a loss.

How It Works

Let's assume you purchase 100 shares of Company XYZ for $1 per share. After three months, the share price increases to $5. This means the value of the investment has increased from $100 to $500, for a gain of $400.

Why It Matters

Gains are taxable, but only when they are realized. That is, they only become taxable when the asset is sold. Until that point, any gains are considered unrealized and are not taxable. The IRS considers nearly every asset owned by individuals and companies as capital assets and thus subject to capital gains taxes.

Taxpayers report capital gains on IRS Schedule D, but these gains are subject to different tax rates depending on whether they are short-term or long-term (and in some cases depending on the type of asset). In the example above, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after a year, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a long-term capital gain and tax it at one of several flat rates. However, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after just three months, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a short-term capital gain and tax that $400 at your ordinary income tax rate, which varies by several factors, including which state you live in, and is generally higher than the long-term capital gains tax rate. This system encourages long-term investing, but there are still many logical reasons an investor might want to sell an asset before a year has passed.

Some retirement vehicles, such as 401(k)s and IRAs, allow investors to buy and sell assets within these vehicles without becoming subject to capital gains tax. This tax deferral effectively gives investors a larger balance on which to compound interest or returns, with capital gains tax applying only when the investor begins to make withdrawals.

An investor's capital losses sometimes will offset all or a portion of his or her capital gains, lowering the investor's tax bill. There is a limit, however, to how much the investor can offset. Note also that the IRS does not treat the distributions of net realized long-term capital gains, like those from a mutual fund, for example, as capital gains. The IRS treats those as ordinary dividends.

Source: Investing Answers

gain

noun
How to pronounce gain (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something wanted or valued that is gotten : something that is gained especially : money gotten through some activity or process
: something that is helpful : advantage or benefit
: an increase in amount, size, or number

gain

verb

English Language Learners Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

: to get (something wanted or valued)
: to win (something) in a competition, battle, etc.
: to gradually get (something) or more of (something) as time passes

gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Kids Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something valuable or desirable that is obtained or acquired : profit financial gains
2 : an increase in amount, size, or degree

gain

verb
gained; gaining

Kids Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to get or win often by effort You gain knowledge by study. He exercised to gain strength.
2 : to get or acquire in a natural or gradual way He gained ten pounds.
3 : to increase in The car gained speed.
4 : to get to : reach The swimmer gained the shore.
5 : to get an advantage : profit We all gained from the lesson.

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\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Medical Definition of gain

: to improve in health the patient gained daily

gain

noun

Legal Definition of gain

1 : an increase in value, capital, or amount — compare loss
capital gain
: a gain realized on the sale or exchange of a capital asset (as a stock or real estate)
casualty gain
: a gain realized by an insured because property insurance benefits paid for a loss from a casualty or theft are greater than the adjusted value of the insured asset
long-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for more than a specified period (as a year)
ordinary gain
: a gain from the exchange or sale of an asset that is not capital
short-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for less than a specified period (as a year) that is treated as ordinary income under federal income tax laws
2 plural, in the civil law of Louisiana : a class of community property that reflects the increase in property value contributed by the common skill or labor of the spouses

Other Words from gain

gain verb

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More from Merriam-Webster on gain

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for gain

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with gain

Spanish Central: Translation of gain

Nglish: Translation of gain for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gain for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gain

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