flummox

verb
flum·​mox | \ ˈflə-məks How to pronounce flummox (audio) , -miks \
flummoxed; flummoxing; flummoxes

Definition of flummox

transitive verb

: confuse He was flummoxed by the legal jargon. a happy innocent who had been flummoxed by wily city slickers— Andy Logan

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Did You Know?

No one is completely sure where the word flummox comes from, but we do know that its first known use is found in Charles Dickens' 1837 novel The Pickwick Papers and that it had become quite common in both British and American English by the end of the 19th century. One theory expressed by some etymologists is that it was influenced by "flummock," a word of English dialectical origin used to refer to a clumsy person. This "flummock" may also be the source of the word lummox, which also means "a clumsy person."

Examples of flummox in a Sentence

an actor who's easily flummoxed by any changes in the script
Recent Examples on the Web Disabling IR21a, however, isn’t enough to completely flummox a hungry bloodsucker. Katherine J. Wu, Smithsonian Magazine, "Why Mosquitoes Find Your Warm Blood So Appealing," 6 Feb. 2020 Error 0: The Heat tried creative ways to flummox Boston’s offense, extensively using a kind of 1-3-1 matchup zone in which its longer, athletic players roamed the perimeter. Adam Himmelsbach, BostonGlobe.com, "The playoffs are a long way off, but every win over Miami is key for the Celtics," 29 Jan. 2020 Somehow, the Terps have to come out in attack mode, possibly by starting games with their press or their zone, both of which has seemed to flummox most of their opponents this season. Don Markus, baltimoresun.com, "No. 6 Maryland follows familiar script to fifth straight victory, 86-63, over previously unbeaten George Mason," 22 Nov. 2019 Flu or not Nationwide, at least as early as January, patients like McMahon were flummoxing their doctors, arriving in clinics and hospitals with flu-like symptoms but testing negative for influenza. Jayme Fraser, USA TODAY, "He was negative for the flu but positive he had COVID-19. How his case could help experts.," 23 May 2020 As the second round of PPP loans began going out to small businesses last week, lenders said the program again was plagued with technical glitches and rules that flummoxed bankers and business owners alike. Diego Mendoza-moyers, ExpressNews.com, "For some San Antonio firms, PPP is a lifesaver," 3 May 2020 When experts denounced Kemp’s plan, Trump flummoxed Republicans by joining them. Steve Coll, The New Yorker, "Pandemic Protests and Politics," 26 Apr. 2020 Wochit Is Wednesday night's dizzying coronavirus news leaving you flummoxed? Scott Horner, Indianapolis Star, "Mark Cuban is as stunned as anyone that the NBA season is suspended," 12 Mar. 2020 Oddly, Garland seems flummoxed by simpler dialogue. Sophie Gilbert, The Atlantic, "Why TV Is So Worried About Free Will," 11 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flummox.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of flummox

1836, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for flummox

origin unknown

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The first known use of flummox was in 1836

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Cite this Entry

“Flummox.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/flummox. Accessed 22 Oct. 2020.

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