cowpox

noun
cow·​pox | \ ˈkau̇-ˌpäks How to pronounce cowpox (audio) \

Definition of cowpox

: a mild eruptive disease of the cow that is caused by a poxvirus (species Cowpox virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus) and that when communicated to humans protects against smallpox

Examples of cowpox in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The British doctor Edward Jenner published research on the use of cowpox (vaccinia) virus in the prevention of smallpox in humans. Albert Bourla, Forbes, 7 Mar. 2022 For instance, in 1774, a farmer named Benjamin Jesty in Dorset, England, successfully vaccinated his wife and children with cowpox. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 19 Dec. 2021 In an ethically dubious experiment, Jenner deliberately gave cowpox to the son of his gardener, and was subsequently unable to infect the boy with smallpox, despite trying at least 20 times. John J. Ross, WSJ, 10 Dec. 2021 Ten years earlier, Jenner had intentionally infected a boy with cowpox, in order to protect him against the much more terrifying smallpox disease. Kyle Harper, Time, 5 Oct. 2021 Loy had done that vindicated Jenner’s ideas about the origins of cowpox. Livia Gershon, Smithsonian Magazine, 25 June 2021 No one knows exactly where smallpox originated; the virus—part of the genus that includes cowpox, camelpox, and monkeypox—is believed to have first infected humans around the time that people began domesticating animals. Benjamin Wallace-well, The New Yorker, 12 Aug. 2021 Years later, in 1796, British scientist Edward Jenner created a true vaccine from cowpox that made immunization easier to administer and less dangerous. Craig Bruce Smith, Time, 9 Aug. 2021 Many viruses that cause disease in humans can also infect animals — think of Jenner’s cowpox. New York Times, 27 Apr. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cowpox.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of cowpox

1798, in the meaning defined above

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Dictionary Entries Near cowpox

cow pony

cowpox

cowpuncher

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Statistics for cowpox

Cite this Entry

“Cowpox.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cowpox. Accessed 22 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for cowpox

cowpox

noun
cow·​pox | \ ˈkau̇-ˌpäks How to pronounce cowpox (audio) \

Medical Definition of cowpox

: a mild eruptive disease of the cow that is caused by a poxvirus of the genus Orthopoxvirus (species Cowpox virus) and that when communicated to humans protects against smallpox

called also variola vaccinia

More from Merriam-Webster on cowpox

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cowpox

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