flum·​mox | \ ˈflə-məks How to pronounce flummox (audio) , -miks \
flummoxed; flummoxing; flummoxes

Definition of flummox

transitive verb

: confuse He was flummoxed by the legal jargon. a happy innocent who had been flummoxed by wily city slickers— Andy Logan

Did you know?

No one is completely sure where the word flummox comes from, but Charles Dickens was aware of it and used it in his 1837 novel The Pickwick Papers. It became quite common in both British and American English by the end of the 19th century.

Examples of flummox in a Sentence

an actor who's easily flummoxed by any changes in the script
Recent Examples on the Web The complexity of the cloud migration process, which continues to flummox many enterprises, is a result of the complexity of the on-premises environment. Chetan Mathur, Forbes, 7 June 2022 The spread of fentanyl into an ever-growing portion of the nation’s drug supply has continued to flummox even states with strong addiction-treatment services. New York Times, 11 May 2022 While chronic pain may flummox the usual scans and tests, the condition is very much real, causing immeasurable suffering. New York Times, 26 Apr. 2022 In a game where the Bruins’ sturdy backbone came together to fluster and flummox a disciplined Gaels team in a 72-56 victory, that backbone crumpled. Bill Plaschke, Los Angeles Times, 19 Mar. 2022 Mike Zimmer’s defense figures to flummox rookie quarterback Justin Fields just enough. Colleen Kane, chicagotribune.com, 20 Dec. 2021 Some version of this coronavirus is bound to flummox our vaccines. Katherine J. Wu, The Atlantic, 2 Dec. 2021 The bond between Alice and the spiky, decidedly unliterary Felix might flummox. New York Times, 1 Sep. 2021 But none of them compare to saving young lives the way Mr. Jackson could easily do by demonstrating that the vaccine is safe and effective and not some difficult choice that should flummox a healthy adult. Allana Haynes, baltimoresun.com, 11 Aug. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flummox.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of flummox

1836, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for flummox

origin unknown

Buying Guide

Check out the 11 best games for word lovers from our Reviews team.

Learn More About flummox

Time Traveler for flummox

Time Traveler

The first known use of flummox was in 1836

See more words from the same year

Listen to Our Podcast About flummox

Dictionary Entries Near flummox




See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for flummox

Cite this Entry

“Flummox.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/flummox. Accessed 13 Aug. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon


Test Your Vocabulary

Words Named After People

  • name tags
  • Namesake of the leotard, Jules Léotard had what profession?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!