fis·​cal | \ ˈfi-skəl How to pronounce fiscal (audio) \

Definition of fiscal

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : of or relating to taxation, public revenues, or public debt fiscal policy the city's fiscal requirements
2 : of or relating to financial matters fiscal transactions



Definition of fiscal (Entry 2 of 2)

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Other Words from fiscal


fiscally \ ˈfi-​skə-​lē How to pronounce fiscally (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for fiscal

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

  • nonfinancial
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Did You Know?


Fiscal derives from the Latin noun fiscus, meaning "basket" or "treasury." In ancient Rome, "fiscus" was the term for the treasury controlled by the emperor, where the money was literally stored in baskets and was collected primarily in the form of revenue from the provinces. "Fiscus" also gives us our word confiscate, which now means "to seize" but once referred to the forfeiting of private property to public use. Today we find "fiscal" in a number of phrases, including "fiscal year" (referring to a 12-month accounting period not necessarily coinciding with the calendar year) and "fiscal cliff," a term that rose to prominence in the U.S. in 2012 when much attention was focused on a series of anticipated year-end tax increases and spending cuts.

Examples of fiscal in a Sentence

Adjective the fiscal health of the university gained some fiscal knowledge by taking an economics course
Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Organizations must be a 501(c)(3) organization or use a fiscal agent that is a 501(c)(3) organization. Megan Becka, cleveland, "Akron Community Foundation seeks grant proposals for opiate, addiction crisis initiatives," 13 July 2020 While that was being absorbed on Friday, the conference revealed it’s fiscal numbers for 2018-19 by releasing the Form 990. John Canzano, oregonlive, "Canzano: A doozy of dizzy developments for the Pac-12 Conference," 11 July 2020 The national Catholic fiscal conference also hosted multiple webinars with legal and financial experts to help coach along local leaders. CBS News, "After lobbying, Catholic Church won $1.4 billion in coronavirus aid," 10 July 2020 The country’s fiscal response to the coronavirus downturn is giving new impetus to its renewable energy build-out after a slowdown in the mid and late 2010s. Nathaniel Taplin, WSJ, "China’s Energy Policy Is a Darker Shade of Green," 10 July 2020 Even billions of dollars in global fiscal stimulus is struggling to cushion the blow as the pandemic worsens generational inequality. Emily Cadman, Fortune, "Legacy of global financial crisis means Gen Z is hardest hit by the COVID economy," 6 July 2020 Lost in the fractious and frankly broken conversation about reopening the economy is a simple truism: containing the virus is the best fiscal stimulus. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Cathy Zhang, STAT, "Learning from Taiwan about responding to Covid-19 — and using electronic health records," 30 June 2020 In response to the toll the coronavirus has taken on the economy, Japan rolled out one of the world's largest fiscal stimulus packages. Kaori Enjoji, CNN, "Japan's job-for-life culture has survived war, earthquakes and now a pandemic," 30 June 2020 Investors are hoping for another round of fiscal stimulus from Washington to help the economy through the reopening, but that is unlikely to happen before Congress goes on its July 4 recess. Jessica Menton, USA TODAY, "Stocks slump as global coronavirus tally approaches 9M," 23 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun His major reforms included fewer government programs and reduced government spending; less government intervention in fiscal, trade, and labor policies; income-tax cuts; and privatization. Lee Edwards, National Review, "Three Nations That Tried Socialism and Rejected It," 14 Oct. 2019 The treasurer doesn't have much authority to set the state's fiscal or any other type of policy. Julia O'donoghue,, "Should Louisiana elect its state treasurer?," 13 Oct. 2017 If approved, the plan could raise $435 million through 2019, according to an April fiscal analysis of HB 2186. Joseph O’sullivan, The Seattle Times, "Legislators look at compromise ideas to raise more revenue," 5 June 2017 This year that is not an option if Republicans want to advance their ambitious fiscal... Kate Davidson, WSJ, "GOP’s Path to Tax Changes Slowed by Upcoming Budget Fight," 18 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fiscal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fiscal


1563, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1869, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for fiscal

Adjective and Noun

Latin fiscalis, from fiscus basket, treasury

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Time Traveler for fiscal

Time Traveler

The first known use of fiscal was in 1563

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Statistics for fiscal

Last Updated

31 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fiscal.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for fiscal


How to pronounce fiscal (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of fiscal

: of or relating to money and especially to the money a government, business, or organization earns, spends, and owes


fis·​cal | \ ˈfis-kəl How to pronounce fiscal (audio) \

Legal Definition of fiscal

1 : of or relating to taxation, public revenues, or public debt fiscal policy
2 : of or relating to financial matters

Other Words from fiscal

fiscally adverb

History and Etymology for fiscal

Latin fiscalis, from fiscus basket, treasury

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More from Merriam-Webster on fiscal

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for fiscal

Spanish Central: Translation of fiscal

Nglish: Translation of fiscal for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fiscal for Arabic Speakers

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