fis·​cal | \ˈfi-skəl \

Definition of fiscal 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : of or relating to taxation, public revenues, or public debt fiscal policy the city's fiscal requirements

2 : of or relating to financial matters fiscal transactions



Definition of fiscal (Entry 2 of 2)

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Other Words from fiscal


fiscally \ˈfi-​skə-​lē \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for fiscal

Synonyms: Adjective

dollars-and-cents, financial, monetary, pecuniary, pocket

Antonyms: Adjective


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Fiscal derives from the Latin noun fiscus, meaning "basket" or "treasury." In ancient Rome, "fiscus" was the term for the treasury controlled by the emperor, where the money was literally stored in baskets and was collected primarily in the form of revenue from the provinces. "Fiscus" also gives us our word confiscate, which now means "to seize" but once referred to the forfeiting of private property to public use. Today we find "fiscal" in a number of phrases, including "fiscal year" (referring to a 12-month accounting period not necessarily coinciding with the calendar year) and "fiscal cliff," a term that rose to prominence in the U.S. in 2012 when much attention was focused on a series of anticipated year-end tax increases and spending cuts.

Examples of fiscal in a Sentence


the fiscal health of the university gained some fiscal knowledge by taking an economics course

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Integration is also important from a fiscal perspective as cities are adversely affected by the financial burdens of segregation. Alissa Walker, Curbed, "Can they be created without displacing anyone?," 21 Aug. 2018 However let’s never lose sight of both the need for fiscal restraint and the need to provide essential services to all Americans. Phillip Molnar,, "Does it matter what political party is in power for the economy?," 8 June 2018 Farrar, a commercial real estate associate, is running on a platform of fiscal restraint, and opposes any efforts by the town to support a local property tax, according to the local newspaper. azcentral, "Election 2018: Here's who wants to run your Valley city," 1 June 2018 But those steps have worried some Western European leaders and caused a backlash from investors who think Italy's government — among the most indebted in Europe — should prioritize fiscal restraint. Stefano Pitrelli And Chico Harlan,, "A political novice is on the verge of becoming Italy's prime minister," 21 May 2018 While the gripes vary from person to person, two concerns that stand out in polls are fairness and fiscal responsibility. Bailey Bischoff, The Christian Science Monitor, "The tax that binds? For many, Tax Day symbolizes civic duty.," 17 Apr. 2018 The mayor credits part of the city’s fiscal discipline to Coronado’s military history. Gustavo Solis,, "Coronado's got a year's worth of cash on hand - and then some," 16 June 2018 As always, ministers have promised reforms, a return to central-bank independence and fiscal discipline as soon as the elections are over. The Economist, "Surrender your dollars, urges Turkey’s President Erdogan," 14 June 2018 Despite the fiscal crisis facing Garces’ operation overall, Sorkin and Spinner maintain that those three restaurants are highly profitable. Michael Klein,, "Investors file appeal to block Garces auction," 8 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The treasurer doesn't have much authority to set the state's fiscal or any other type of policy. Julia O'donoghue,, "Should Louisiana elect its state treasurer?," 13 Oct. 2017 If approved, the plan could raise $435 million through 2019, according to an April fiscal analysis of HB 2186. Joseph O’sullivan, The Seattle Times, "Legislators look at compromise ideas to raise more revenue," 5 June 2017 This year that is not an option if Republicans want to advance their ambitious fiscal... Kate Davidson, WSJ, "GOP’s Path to Tax Changes Slowed by Upcoming Budget Fight," 18 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fiscal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fiscal


1563, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1869, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for fiscal


Latin fiscalis, from fiscus basket, treasury


see fiscal entry 1

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Statistics for fiscal

Last Updated

21 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for fiscal

The first known use of fiscal was in 1563

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More Definitions for fiscal



English Language Learners Definition of fiscal

: of or relating to money and especially to the money a government, business, or organization earns, spends, and owes


fis·​cal | \ˈfis-kəl \

Legal Definition of fiscal 

1 : of or relating to taxation, public revenues, or public debt fiscal policy

2 : of or relating to financial matters

Other Words from fiscal

fiscally adverb

History and Etymology for fiscal

Latin fiscalis, from fiscus basket, treasury

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More from Merriam-Webster on fiscal

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for fiscal

Spanish Central: Translation of fiscal

Nglish: Translation of fiscal for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fiscal for Arabic Speakers

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