1

file

noun \ ˈfī(-ə)l \

Definition of file

1 : a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal
2 : a shrewd or crafty person

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file


2

file

verb

Definition of file

filed; filing
transitive verb
: to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file
  • She filed her nails.

Origin and Etymology of file

see 1file


3

file

verb

Definition of file

filed; filing
transitive verb
chiefly dialectal

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Old English fȳlan, from fūl foul


4

file

verb

Definition of file

filed; filing
transitive verb
1 : to arrange in order for preservation and reference
  • file letters
2 a : to place among official records as prescribed by law
  • file a mortgage
b : to send (copy) to a newspaper
  • filed a story
c : to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits
3 : to initiate (something, such as a legal action) through proper formal procedure
  • threatened to file charges
intransitive verb
1 : to register as a candidate especially in a primary election
2 : to place items in a file
3 : to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding
  • file for bankruptcy

filer

play \ˈfī-lər\ noun

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ǰil sinew


5

file

noun

Definition of file

1 : a device (such as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order
2 a archaic : roll, list
b : a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified
c (1) : a collection of related data records (as for a computer)
(2) : a complete collection of data (such as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output
on file
: in or as if in a file for ready reference

Origin and Etymology of file

see 4file


6

file

noun

Definition of file

2 : any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard from one player's side to the other player's side

Origin and Etymology of file

Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum


7

file

verb

Definition of file

filed; filing
intransitive verb
: to march or proceed in single file

Origin and Etymology of file

see 6file


8

filé

noun fi·lé \ fə-ˈlā , (ˌ)fē-ˈlā , ˈfē-(ˌ)lā \
variants: or less commonly file

Definition of filé

: powdered young leaves of sassafras used to thicken soups or stews

Origin and Etymology of filé

Louisiana French, from French, past participle of filer to twist, spin



FILE Defined for Kids

1

file

noun \ ˈfīl \

Definition of file for Students

: a tool with sharp ridges or teeth for smoothing or rubbing down hard substances

2

file

verb

Definition of file for Students

filed; filing
: to rub, smooth, or cut away with a file
  • … they succeeded in filing the heavy brass collar from off his neck.
  • —Jack London, The Call of the Wild

3

file

verb

Definition of file for Students

filed; filing
1 : to arrange in an orderly way
  • He filed the cards in alphabetical order.
2 : to enter or record officially
  • file a claim

4

file

noun

Definition of file for Students

1 : a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) for storing papers or records in an orderly way
2 : a collection of papers or records kept in a file
3 : a collection of data treated as a unit by a computer

5

file

noun

Definition of file for Students

: a row of persons or things arranged one behind the other
  • Please walk in single file.

6

file

verb

Definition of file for Students

filed; filing
: to walk in a row
  • The entire class filed out of the building.

Medical Dictionary

file

noun \ ˈfī(ə)l \

medical Definition of file

1 : a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces (as of a tooth)
2 : a narrow instrument for shaping fingernails with a fine rough metal or emery surface

file

transitive verb filed; filing

Law Dictionary

1

file

verb

legal Definition of file

filed; filing
transitive verb
1 a : to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records especially as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding
  • filed a tax return
  • a financing statement filed with the Secretary of State
  • filing a notice of appeal
; also : record
  • filed a mortgage in the Registry of Deeds
Note: In nearly all cases, a document is deemed to be filed when it is actually received by the office to which it is directed. A few cases, however, have held that a document is filed upon the mailing of it.
b : to place (as a document) on file among the records of an office especially by formally receiving and endorsing
  • a complaint filed by the clerk despite the absence of the filing fee
2 : to return (the documentation in a case) to the records of a clerk of court without any determination of the case; broadly : to conclude (a case) without a determination on its merits
3 : to initiate (a judicial or administrative proceeding) by submitting the proper documents or following proper procedure : bring
  • threatened to file charges
  • two separate actions were filed by representatives of the estates
  • —J. H. Friedenthal et al.
intransitive verb
1 : to register as a candidate especially in a primary election
2 : to place items in a file

2

file

noun

legal Definition of file

: a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified; specifically : the papers that make up the record of a case
on file
: in or as if in a file for ready reference


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