extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

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Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguishable (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguisher (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguishment (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

blanket, douse (also dowse), put out, quench, snuff (out)

Antonyms

fire, ignite, inflame (also enflame), kindle, light

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
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Recent Examples on the Web

His proposal, which could extinguish any remaining hopes for a Palestinian state, were condemned by much of the world, including important Arab countries like Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Washington Post, "Israel’s Netanyahu appears to suffer setback in exit polls," 17 Sep. 2019 While their dreaded league run has been brought to an end, this is not the first spell without the victory the club have extinguished this year. SI.com, "Scottish Side Fort William End Barren Run With First League Win in 882 Days," 12 Sep. 2019 Any hopes that slavery might be quarantined and extinguished were suddenly shaken. Timothy Sandefur, National Review, "The Anti-Slavery Constitution," 12 Sep. 2019 The fire broke out in the wheel well of the plane at 1:47 p.m. and was extinguished by emergency crews. Steve Rubenstein, SFChronicle.com, "Private plane catches fire, blocks runway at Oakland International," 11 Sep. 2019 Smoke from smoldering heavy fuels inside the containment lines may be visible and crews will be extinguishing hot spots Sunday. Bay City News, The Mercury News, "Oak Fire at Kelseyville contained at 53 acres," 8 Sep. 2019 Most candles extinguished by nunchucks in one minute Xie Desheng snuffed out 52 open flames with nothing but ninja-like precision. Scottie Andrew, CNN, "Pinky pull ups, mayo eating and other weird feats in the new Guinness World Records book," 8 Sep. 2019 But the sharp capitalist critique that many critics responded to in Virzi's film hardly comes through here, despite the obvious connections between the film's title and the life extinguished at its outset. John Defore, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Human Capital': Film Review | TIFF 2019," 6 Sep. 2019 A month ago, 22 people were murdered at an El Paso Walmart by a white nationalist who drove 650 miles across the state for the sole purpose of extinguishing as many Mexican American lives as his AK-47 assault weapon would allow. Gilbert Garcia, ExpressNews.com, "Why Texas needs a special session on guns," 6 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

16 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for extinguish

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extinguish

: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

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extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

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Comments on extinguish

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