extinguish

play
verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Definition of extinguish

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1a (1) :  to bring to an end :  make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished (2) :  to reduce to silence or ineffectivenessb :  to cause to cease burning :  quenchc :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)d :  to dim the brightness of :  eclipse

  3. 2a :  to cause to be void :  nullify extinguish a claimb :  to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

extinguishable

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective

extinguisher

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shər\ noun

extinguishment

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish-mənt\ noun

Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

  1. The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.

  2. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.

  3. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.

  4. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.

Recent Examples of extinguish from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick


First Known Use: circa 1540


EXTINGUISH Defined for English Language Learners

extinguish

play
verb

Definition of extinguish for English Language Learners

  • : to cause (something) to stop burning

  • : to cause the end or death of (something)


EXTINGUISH Defined for Kids

extinguish

play
verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish\

Definition of extinguish for Students

extinguished

;

extinguishing

  1. 1 :  to cause to stop burning

  2. 2 :  to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

extinguisher

noun

Medical Dictionary

extinguish

play
transitive verb ex·tin·guish \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish\

Medical Definition of extinguish

  1. :  to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response


Law Dictionary

extinguish

transitive verb ex·tin·guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

  1. 1 :  to cause the nonexistence of :  do away with

  2. 2 :  to cause (as a claim or right) to be void :  nullify

  3. 3 :  to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

extinguishable

adjective

extinguishment

noun


Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up extinguish? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

WORD OF THE DAY

to glide in or as if in an airplane

Get Word of the Day daily email!

WORD GAMES

Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

  • istock-refers-to-this-as-a-tumble-of-strawberries-which-sounded-pretty-nice-to-us
  • Which is a synonym of garner?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Word Winder's CrossWinder

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!