extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
Recent Examples on the Web Emergency services from Provo Fire and Rescue, Mapleton Fire and Utah County Fire rushed to the scene before aerial operations were launched, with aircraft dropping fire retardant in an effort to extinguish the flames. Sgt. Jennifer Hassan, Washington Post, 1 Aug. 2022 Police officers assisted with securing the scene while Florence Firefighters fought to extinguish the flames. al, 30 July 2022 At least six fire departments helped extinguish the flames by Monday night, Davis said. Amy Simonson And Holly Yan, CNN, 26 July 2022 The fire, which began Monday afternoon, was just 10% contained, and crews using bulldozers were digging containment lines while fire trucks and aircraft worked to extinguish the flames, the Forest Service said. Terry Wallace And Ken Miller, Chron, 20 July 2022 Officials closed the right lane of I-15 northbound near mile marker 241 — along the line separating Utah County and Juab County — for about two hours as crews worked to extinguish the flames. Jordan Miller, The Salt Lake Tribune, 17 July 2022 Firefighters were able to quickly extinguish the flames, but crews remained on scene checking for hotspots, the department said. Adam Sennott, BostonGlobe.com, 1 July 2022 Efforts also continued to extinguish the flames, which covered more than 110,000 square feet and had filled the one-story building that houses the shopping center. Artem Grudinin, NBC News, 28 June 2022 The helicopter was reported on fire and fire crews arrived on scene to extinguish the flames. Bradford Betz, Fox News, 23 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Time Traveler for extinguish

Time Traveler

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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Dictionary Entries Near extinguish

extine

extinguish

extinguishant

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

7 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Extinguish.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extinguish. Accessed 9 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

More from Merriam-Webster on extinguish

Nglish: Translation of extinguish for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of extinguish for Arabic Speakers

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