Definition of extinguish
1a (1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished (2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectivenessb : to cause to cease burning : quenchc : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claimb : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt
extinguishableplay \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective
extinguisherplay \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shər\ noun
extinguishmentplay \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish-mənt\ noun
Examples of extinguish in a Sentence
The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.
He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.
They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.
News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
Recent Examples of extinguish from the Web
Wild Wing falls face-first into the flame and catches fire but is extinguished just before becoming extra crispy.
Drivers stopped to assist, trying to break windows and extinguish the fire, according to the website.
Firefighters arrived on the scene within three minutes of dispatch and began extinguishing the fire and ensuring no one was in the building.
The fire was extinguished about 2:30 a.m., authorities said.
Fire, Wadsworth Road: Police assisted Medina Fire Department personnel with extinguishing a Dumpster fire at 4:13 p.m. May 29.
A helicopter and six bulldozers were sent out to help extinguish the rapidly-growing blaze.
Each one costs tens of thousands of dollars to extinguish.
Firefighters extinguished the fires within 30 minutes.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of extinguish
Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick
First Known Use: circa 1540
EXTINGUISH Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of extinguish for English Language Learners
: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)
EXTINGUISH Defined for Kids
Definition of extinguish for Students
1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.
Legal Definition of extinguish
1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment
Seen and Heard
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