extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

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Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
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Recent Examples on the Web The weekend fire that consumed the Tesla (and its passengers) reportedly took firefighters four hours and 32,000 gallons of water to extinguish. Robert Zafft, Forbes, "Did Overhyped Marketing Kill Two Tesla Passengers? “Autopilot” That Isn’t," 21 Apr. 2021 And wind whistling around a corner will quickly extinguish a fire pit. Kelly Roberson, chicagotribune.com, "7 landscape design tips for beginners," 14 Apr. 2021 Firefighters arrived to find a passenger car on fire and worked to extinguish the flames. Mike Cruz, The Arizona Republic, "2 die when car collides with tow truck in west Phoenix at 83rd Avenue and McDowell Road," 17 Apr. 2021 Officers from three different divisions arrived at the scene, and the local fire department was called to extinguish the flames. Jake Dima, Washington Examiner, "Crowd tags Portland police union building with graffiti and sets debris ablaze," 4 Apr. 2021 OnScene TV footage showed fire crews on all three levels of the building, tearing away parts of the walls to extinguish flames inside of them. Alex Riggins, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Fire damages Kensington apartment complex," 20 Mar. 2021 Generally speaking, stars don’t extinguish gracefully. Dylan Hernández Columnist, Los Angeles Times, "Column: It’ll be a trilogy with a predictable ending: Kenley Jansen’s October meltdown III," 18 Mar. 2021 But our personhood is so strong that the disease, even in its late stages, can’t fully extinguish the human personality. Rich Lowry, National Review, "Alzheimer’s Be Not Proud," 2 Mar. 2021 Forecasters never expected enough precipitation to extinguish the fire, which has burned more than more than 67,000 acres, pushed by hot dry winds, and is 58% contained. Michael Cabanatuan, SFChronicle.com, "Hope fades for fire-dampening rainfall in Napa, Sonoma counties," 7 Oct. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Time Traveler for extinguish

Time Traveler

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

3 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Extinguish.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extinguish. Accessed 10 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extinguish

: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

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extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

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Comments on extinguish

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