extinguish

verb ex·tin·guish \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish \

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb
1 a (1) :to bring to an end :make an end of
  • hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) :to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b :to cause to cease burning :quench
c :to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d :to dim the brightness of :eclipse
2 a :to cause to be void :nullify
  • extinguish a claim
b :to get rid of usually by payment
  • extinguish a debt

extinguishable

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shə-bəl\ adjective

extinguisher

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wi-shər\ noun

extinguishment

play \ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish-mənt\ noun

Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

  1. The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze.

  2. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray.

  3. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance.

  4. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.

Recent Examples of extinguish from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick


EXTINGUISH Defined for English Language Learners

extinguish

verb

Definition of extinguish for English Language Learners

  • : to cause (something) to stop burning

  • : to cause the end or death of (something)


EXTINGUISH Defined for Kids

extinguish

verb ex·tin·guish \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish \

Definition of extinguish for Students

extinguished; extinguishing
1 :to cause to stop burning
2 :to cause to die out
  • More bad news extinguished all hope.

extinguisher

noun

Medical Dictionary

extinguish

transitive verb ex·tin·guish \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish \

medical Definition of extinguish

:to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
  • extinguish an avoidance response

Law Dictionary

extinguish

transitive verb ex·tin·guish

legal Definition of extinguish

1 :to cause the nonexistence of :do away with
2 :to cause (as a claim or right) to be void :nullify
3 :to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

extinguishable

adjective

extinguishment

noun


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