extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

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Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
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Recent Examples on the Web That night, after the Fawn fire started, officers working to extinguish it found Souverneva near the site where the fire began. Washington Post, 28 Sep. 2021 Fire personnel received a call just after 12:30 p.m. local time on Tuesday for reports of a fire and were able to extinguish it within an hour, the NOFD said in the press release. Naledi Ushe, PEOPLE.com, 22 Sep. 2021 Portland Fire and Rescue said the fire grew to about 1,000 feet by 100 feet before crews were able to extinguish it. oregonlive, 8 Aug. 2021 Firefighters were able to extinguish the blaze in about an hour, Cleary said. BostonGlobe.com, 1 July 2021 The fire department was able to extinguish the blaze and are looking into the origin of the fire. Jessika Harkay, courant.com, 9 June 2021 Firefighters were able to extinguish the blaze, although police officers canvassing the area did not locate any potential suspects. Washington Post, 29 May 2021 Atlanta fire crews were able to extinguish a blaze at a homeless encampment in the woods near the junction of I-85 and Buford Highway on Monday afternoon. Henri Hollis, ajc, 10 May 2021 The firefighters worked to extinguish the fire from the battery, which was in a shipping container, and prevent it from spreading to other batteries in the facility. Asha C. Gilbert, USA TODAY, 2 Aug. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Time Traveler for extinguish

Time Traveler

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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Dictionary Entries Near extinguish

extine

extinguish

extinguishant

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

6 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Extinguish.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extinguish. Accessed 17 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extinguish

: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

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extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

More from Merriam-Webster on extinguish

Nglish: Translation of extinguish for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of extinguish for Arabic Speakers

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