extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

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Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguishable (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguisher (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguishment (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

blanket, douse (also dowse), put out, quench, snuff (out)

Antonyms

fire, ignite, inflame (also enflame), kindle, light

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
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Recent Examples on the Web

No one else was inside the burning apartment and Gresham Fire extinguished it. oregonlive, "Man accused of kidnapping, arson after Gresham apartment fire," 7 Sep. 2019 Firefighters quickly contained the fire to one corner and part of the roof of Pets and More on Hamilton Avenue, and extinguished it less than 20 minutes after it was reported, authorities said. Nico Savidge, The Mercury News, "Fire at Campbell pet store intentional, no animals hurt," 4 Sep. 2019 It was meant to enliven our moral sensibility, not extinguish it. Patrick Iber, The New Republic, "Pioneers of Cultural Relativism," 14 Aug. 2019 Firefighters quickly brought the fire under control and extinguished it. Jon O'neill, sun-sentinel.com, "One injured in Lantana boat blaze," 4 July 2019 Medicare for All proposals threaten to extinguish it. Seema Verma, WSJ, "Medicare for All Means Hope for None," 27 Mar. 2019 Pinch hitter Josh Reddick flew out and Tony Kemp struck out on a check-swing to extinguish it, unable to complete a heroic comeback after Keuchel's rough first inning. Chandler Rome, Houston Chronicle, "Corey Kluber shuts down Astros in loss to Indians," 19 May 2018 Destiny Rodgers/Submitted, Milwaukee A brush fire, which slowed westbound traffic on I-94 May 1, during Tuesday afternoon rush hour, blackened more than two acres before Brookfield firefighters extinguished it. Karen Pilarski, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Fire department says grass fire during rush hour blackened more than 2 acres in Brookfield," 2 May 2018 The fire started in a vehicle in the rear of the unit, and after the Orlando Fire Department extinguished it, the body was found, Howard said. Stephen Ruiz, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Body found in burning vehicle in rear of storage unit, Orlando police say," 1 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

18 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for extinguish

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extinguish

: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

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extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

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Comments on extinguish

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