extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing; extinguishes

Definition of extinguish

transitive verb

1a(1) : to bring to an end : make an end of hope for their safety was slowly extinguished
(2) : to reduce to silence or ineffectiveness
b : to cause to cease burning : quench
c : to cause extinction of (a conditioned response)
d : to dim the brightness of : eclipse
2a : to cause to be void : nullify extinguish a claim
b : to get rid of usually by payment extinguish a debt

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Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shə-​bəl How to pronounce extinguishable (audio) \ adjective
extinguisher \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wi-​shər How to pronounce extinguisher (audio) \ noun
extinguishment \ ik-​ˈstiŋ-​(g)wish-​mənt How to pronounce extinguishment (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for extinguish

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Examples of extinguish in a Sentence

The fire department was called in to extinguish the blaze. He extinguished his cigarette in the ashtray. They ruthlessly extinguished all resistance. News of the conflict extinguished our hopes for a peaceful resolution.
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Recent Examples on the Web Investigations show that peer review is often perfunctory rather than thorough; often exploited by chums to help each other; and frequently used by gatekeepers to exclude and extinguish legitimate minority scientific opinions in a field. Matt Ridley, WSJ, "What the Pandemic Has Taught Us About Science," 9 Oct. 2020 One responder might call out a possible hot spot only for crews to show up on the scene and find nothing, or quickly extinguish the spark. Ryan Kost, SFChronicle.com, "When blazes spark, ‘Fire Twitter’ heats up," 3 Oct. 2020 Firefighters were able to quickly extinguish the blaze and there were no structural damages. Fox News, "Oregon man arrested twice in 12-hour span for starting 'multiple' fires near Portland freeway," 14 Sep. 2020 Efforts are underway to extinguish the flames and army helicopters will participate in the efforts, the statement said. Ghazi Balkiz, CNN, "Beirut port ablaze again, weeks after massive blast," 10 Sep. 2020 Some worried Tuesday that the entire project could become a commercial warehouse site, a notion that David Cordish quickly moved to extinguish. David Lyons, sun-sentinel.com, "1,200 new jobs? A mystery company wants to build million-square-foot center for Isle Casino overhaul," 9 Sep. 2020 Since Multnomah County has a burn ban in effect due to extremely dry conditions, firefighters came in to extinguish the blaze. Arkansas Online, "Portland, Oregon, protesters light fire near police precinct," 7 Sep. 2020 The team of 10 firefighters dispatched to their deaths to extinguish a small blaze near the warehouse didn’t know either. Rania Abouzeid, National Geographic, "Why must every Lebanese generation endure violent chaos—and its aftermath?," 26 Aug. 2020 Aniston then tried to extinguish the small blaze – but not very well. Ashley Shaffer, USA TODAY, "Cities of anarchy," 21 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extinguish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extinguish

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for extinguish

Latin exstinguere (from ex- + stinguere to extinguish) + English -ish (as in abolish); akin to Latin instigare to incite — more at stick

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Time Traveler for extinguish

Time Traveler

The first known use of extinguish was circa 1540

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Statistics for extinguish

Last Updated

17 Oct 2020

Cite this Entry

“Extinguish.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extinguish. Accessed 23 Oct. 2020.

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More Definitions for extinguish

extinguish

verb
How to pronounce extinguish (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of extinguish

: to cause (something) to stop burning
: to cause the end or death of (something)

extinguish

verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-gwish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \
extinguished; extinguishing

Kids Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause to stop burning
2 : to cause to die out More bad news extinguished all hope.

Other Words from extinguish

extinguisher noun

extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish | \ ik-ˈstiŋ-(g)wish How to pronounce extinguish (audio) \

Medical Definition of extinguish

: to cause extinction of (a conditioned response) extinguish an avoidance response

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extinguish

transitive verb
ex·​tin·​guish

Legal Definition of extinguish

1 : to cause the nonexistence of : do away with
2 : to cause (as a claim or right) to be void : nullify
3 : to get rid of (a debt or other liability) by payment or other compensatory adjustment

Other Words from extinguish

extinguishable adjective
extinguishment noun

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Comments on extinguish

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