error

noun
er·​ror | \ ˈer-ər How to pronounce error (audio) , ˈe-rər\

Definition of error

1a : an act or condition of ignorant or imprudent deviation from a code of behavior
b : an act involving an unintentional deviation from truth or accuracy made an error in adding up the bill
c : an act that through ignorance, deficiency, or accident departs from or fails to achieve what should be done an error in judgment : such as
(1) : a defensive misplay other than a wild pitch or passed ball made by a baseball player when normal play would have resulted in an out or prevented an advance by a base runner
(2) : the failure of a player (as in tennis) to make a successful return of a ball during play
d : a mistake in the proceedings of a court of record in matters of law or of fact
2a : the quality or state of erring the map is in error
b Christian Science : illusion about the nature of reality that is the cause of human suffering : the contradiction of truth
c : an instance of false belief
3 : something produced by mistake a typographical error especially : a postage stamp exhibiting a consistent flaw (such as a wrong color) in its manufacture
4a : the difference between an observed or calculated value and a true value specifically : variation in measurements, calculations, or observations of a quantity due to mistakes or to uncontrollable factors
b : the amount of deviation from a standard or specification
5 : a deficiency or imperfection in structure or function an error of metabolism

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Other Words from error

errorless \ ˈer-​ər-​ləs How to pronounce errorless (audio) , ˈe-​rər-​ \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for error

error, mistake, blunder, slip, lapse mean a departure from what is true, right, or proper. error suggests the existence of a standard or guide and a straying from the right course through failure to make effective use of this. procedural errors mistake implies misconception or inadvertence and usually expresses less criticism than error. dialed the wrong number by mistake blunder regularly imputes stupidity or ignorance as a cause and connotes some degree of blame. diplomatic blunders slip stresses inadvertence or accident and applies especially to trivial but embarrassing mistakes. a slip of the tongue lapse stresses forgetfulness, weakness, or inattention as a cause. a lapse in judgment

error, mistake, and blunder mean an act or statement that is not right or true or proper. error is used for failure to follow a model correctly. There was an error in the addition. mistake is used when someone misunderstands something or does not intend to do wrong. I took someone else's coat by mistake. blunder is used for a stupid, careless, or thoughtless mistake. The actors made several blunders during the play.

Examples of error in a Sentence

I made an error in my calculations. They uncovered several errors in his report to the committee. The paper contains numerous spelling errors. horrifying cases of hospital error The shortstop was charged with an error.
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Recent Examples on the Web

In fact, beekeeper error isn't the only common cause of death—pests, especially certain kinds of mice, can also wreak havoc on your hives. Blair Donovan, Country Living, "Beekeeping for Beginners: Everything to Know About Starting Your Own Colony," 5 Apr. 2019 Amazon and Microsoft Amazon employees wrote a letter protesting the company’s sale of facial-recognition technology to law enforcement agencies, noting the software can make errors and infringe on privacy and due process rights. Joseph Menn, The Christian Science Monitor, "Silicon Valley employees increasingly push companies on ethics," 13 July 2018 Two high profile errors from Karius cost the Reds in their 3-1 defeat to Real Madrid in the Champions League final in May, and another howler in a recent friendly against Tranmere has done little to help his case. SI.com, "Liverpool Attempt to Beat Rivals to Brazilian International's Signing With €65m Offer," 12 July 2018 But the game could have unraveled for him in the second inning, when errors by first baseman Carlos Santana and shortstop Kingery put runners on second and third with one out. Scott Lauber, Philly.com, "Nick Pivetta picks up much-needed win in Phillies' victory over Orioles," 12 July 2018 Lucroy's throwing error with nobody out in the 11th allowed Houston to score the winning run, but the entirety of the play is almost too crazy to explain. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Former Brewers catcher Jonathan Lucroy fumbles ball in bizarre walk-off loss to Houston," 11 July 2018 The investigation said operator error was the reason the Sand Blaster Roller Coaster derailed June 14, causing a cart full of people to dangle above the ground. Michael Williams, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Daytona Beach roller coaster derailed due to excessive speed, operator error, investigation finds," 11 July 2018 Just over half of the doctors surveyed reported being burned-out, and the study authors found that those doctors were twice as likely to report errors. Lucas Laursen, Fortune, "Burned-Out Doctors Make Twice as Many Errors. The Business World Could Offer a Solution," 10 July 2018 The Cardinals’ four-run fifth included a run-scoring error by second baseman Max Muncy. Brian Stull, The Seattle Times, "Wieters leads Cards over Dodgers 11-7 for 4-game sweep," 11 Apr. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'error.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of error

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for error

Middle English errour, from Anglo-French, from Latin error, from errare

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More Definitions for error

error

noun

English Language Learners Definition of error

: something that is not correct : a wrong action or statement
: a mistake made by a person who is playing a sport (such as baseball or tennis)

error

noun
er·​ror | \ ˈer-ər How to pronounce error (audio) \

Kids Definition of error

: a failure to be correct or accurate : mistake He made an error in spelling.

error

noun
er·​ror | \ ˈer-ər How to pronounce error (audio) \

Medical Definition of error

: a deficiency or imperfection in structure or function inborn errors of metabolism

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error

noun
er·​ror

Legal Definition of error

: an act that through ignorance, deficiency, or accident departs from or fails to achieve what should be done procedural errors especially : a mistake made by a lower court in conducting judicial proceedings or making findings in a case to compel to conclusion that a manifest error has been done Moses v. Burgin, 445 F.2d 369 (1971) often used without an article had been error to give the jury special interrogatories — K. A. Cohen ; — see also assignment of error, clearly erroneous

Note: Generally a party must object to an error at trial in order to raise it as an issue on appeal.

clear error
: an error made by a judge in his or her findings of fact which is such that it leaves the reviewing court with the firm and definite conviction that a mistake has been made

Note: A clear error may or may not warrant reversal.

fundamental error
: plain error in this entry used especially in criminal cases
harmless error
: an error that does not affect a substantial right or change the outcome of a trial and does not warrant reversal or other modification of the lower court's decision on appeal
invited error
: an error resulting from a party's own request for or encouragement of an action by the court

Note: A party may not seek relief based on invited error that he or she has induced.

manifest error
: an error that is obvious and indisputable and that warrants reversal on appeal
plain error
: an obvious and prejudicial error that affects the substantial rights of the parties and that results or probably results in a miscarriage of justice

Note: Plain error warrants reversal on appeal even in the absence of objection to the error at trial.

prejudicial error
: an error that affects or presumptively affects the outcome of a trial
reversible error
: a substantial and prejudicial error warranting reversal on appeal

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More from Merriam-Webster on error

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with error

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for error

Spanish Central: Translation of error

Nglish: Translation of error for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of error for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about error

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