Definition of ergative
: of, relating to, or being a language (such as Inuit or Georgian) in which the objects of transitive verbs and subjects of intransitive verbs are typically marked by the same linguistic forms; also : being an inflectional morpheme that typically marks the subject of a transitive verb in an ergative language
Origin and Etymology of ergative
Greek ergatēs worker, from ergon work
First Known Use: 1939
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