epi·​der·​mis | \ ˌe-pə-ˈdər-məs How to pronounce epidermis (audio) \

Definition of epidermis

1a : the outer epithelial layer of the external integument of the animal body that is derived from the embryonic epiblast specifically : the outer nonsensitive and nonvascular layer of the skin of a vertebrate that overlies the dermis
b : any of various animal integuments
2 : a thin surface layer of tissue in higher plants formed by growth of a primary meristem

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Did You Know?

Epidermis includes the Greek prefix epi-, meaning "outer;" thus, the epidermis overlies the dermis, or inner layer of skin. The epidermis itself consists of four or five layers; the outermost layer is made of dead cells, which are being shed continuously. The epidermis acts as a physical barrier—a protective wrap over the body's surface, which, by preventing water loss, allows vertebrates to live on land.

Examples of epidermis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The young caecilians also come equipped with a special set of temporary teeth designed for scoring and lifting their mother’s epidermis off of her body without injuring her in the process. Jason Bittel, National Geographic, "Caecilians," 27 June 2019 Additionally the machine has attachments for viewing eyes, ears, throat and epidermis. Staff Report, Houston Chronicle, "OakBend Medical Center brings telemedicine to Wharton Hospital Campus," 15 June 2019 The needles painlessly penetrate the epidermis, triggering your body’s natural response to heal itself and create new, softer skin. Diana Nguyen, Harper's BAZAAR, "7 Things You Should Be Doing for a Flawless Complexion," 3 May 2019 Basal cells, which are deeper in the epidermis, divide to make new cells to replace the old squamous ones. Rochaun Meadows-fernandez, SELF, "Why Are Black People Less Likely to Get Melanoma But More Likely to Die From It?," 2 Feb. 2018 Naturally occurring in sebum (skin's oil), these fats hold together the cells of the epidermis to reinforce the skin's protective barrier. Allure, "The Skin-Care Glossary: A Comprehensive Guide to Everything You Need to Know," 17 Aug. 2018 Save for dermatologists, there are seldom folks who are as knowledgeable about the inner workings of our epidermis as aestheticians are. Kaleigh Fasanella, Allure, "Six Top Aestheticians Share Their Skin-Care Routines," 23 Sep. 2018 Anything longer will penetrate the dermis (the second layer of skin, beneath the epidermis), and that opens you up to infection. Courtney Dunlop, Marie Claire, "DIY Derm: Which Beauty and Skincare Treatments Are Okay to Do at Home?," 30 Aug. 2018 For weeks after they were milled, our streets were embarrassingly exposed, the asphalt epidermis gone, but no new skin was applied. John Kelly, Washington Post, "From potholes to perfect pavement: My neighborhood has lovely new streets," 24 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'epidermis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of epidermis

1626, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for epidermis

Late Latin, from Greek, from epi- + derma skin — more at derm-

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Statistics for epidermis

Last Updated

13 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for epidermis

The first known use of epidermis was in 1626

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More Definitions for epidermis



English Language Learners Definition of epidermis

medical : the outer layer of skin


epi·​der·​mis | \ ˌe-pə-ˈdər-məs How to pronounce epidermis (audio) \

Kids Definition of epidermis

1 : a thin outer layer of skin covering the dermis
2 : any of various thin outer layers of plants or animals


epi·​der·​mis | \ -ˈdər-məs How to pronounce epidermis (audio) \

Medical Definition of epidermis

1 : the outer epithelial layer of the external integument of the animal body that is derived from the embryonic epiblast specifically : the outer nonsensitive and nonvascular layer of the skin of a vertebrate that overlies the dermis
2 : any of various animal integuments

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More from Merriam-Webster on epidermis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with epidermis

Spanish Central: Translation of epidermis

Nglish: Translation of epidermis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of epidermis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about epidermis

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