endonuclease

noun

en·​do·​nu·​cle·​ase ˌen-dō-ˈnü-klē-ˌās How to pronounce endonuclease (audio)
-ˌāz,
-ˈnyü-
: an enzyme that breaks down a nucleotide chain into two or more shorter chains by cleaving the internal covalent bonds linking nucleotides compare exonuclease

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web The other is an endonuclease, nonstructural protein 15 (NSP15). William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 28 Oct. 2021 Both circular strands of DNA are protected from endonucleases. Robert F. Service, Science | AAAS, 29 Aug. 2019 Xofluza interferes with a protein inside the flu virus called polymerase acidic endonuclease, which helps stop the virus from replicating, Dr. Adalja explains. Korin Miller, SELF, 26 Oct. 2018 Humans don’t make UV endonuclease, either; researchers found it in a bacterium called Micrococcus luteus. Robbie Gonzalez, WIRED, 2 July 2018 Oftentimes those sequences were flanked by a set of genes coding for a class of strand-cutting enzymes called endonucleases. Megan Molteni, WIRED, 27 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endonuclease.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

1962, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of endonuclease was in 1962

Dictionary Entries Near endonuclease

Cite this Entry

“Endonuclease.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/endonuclease. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition

endonuclease

noun
en·​do·​nu·​cle·​ase -ˈn(y)ü-klē-ˌās, -ˌāz How to pronounce endonuclease (audio)
: an enzyme that breaks down a nucleotide chain into two or more shorter chains by cleaving the internal phosphodiester bonds see restriction endonuclease compare exonuclease

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