Examples of eminent domain in a Sentence
The state took the homes by eminent domain to build the new road.
Recent Examples of eminent domain from the Web
And when the state later seized a century-old downtown building by eminent domain — evicting a conservation trust with an eye toward demolition — alarm spread along the steep, short Main Street of what once was the busiest port north of Boston.
Leach also spoke of the park district’s ability to use eminent domain to purchase the property if faced with an owner who does agree to sell it.
But the council authorized the mayor to use eminent domain to obtain the property if a purchase could not be worked out.
But now, the State Legislature has passed a law that cities can longer use eminent domain for bicycle or pedestrian paths.
The Lowell City Council has voted to have the city’s law department begin the process of taking the medical office building at 75 Arcand Drive, adjacent to Lowell High School, by eminent domain.
Cross will now face challenger Oscar Kazen, who was unopposed in the Democratic primary race, for the County Probate Court No. 1 judgeship, which handles wills, guardianships, eminent domain, mental health and estates.
President Barack Obama wanted the same, but encountered opposition from local officials and did not resort to the use of eminent domain.
There were concerns that one option for the undeveloped land — much of it obtained through eminent domain in the 1990s for the original convention center construction — might be to sell it to developers for residential or office projects.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'eminent domain.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Financial Definition of EMINENT DOMAIN
What It Is
Eminent domain is a legal strategy that allows a federal or local government to seize private property for public use. The seizing authority must pay fair market value for the property seized.
How It Works
Let's say John Doe lives in a house on one acre next to Highway 47. The state wants to widen the road due to the higher traffic and the new casino that was built down the road. In order to widen the road, the state needs the space on either side of the road.
Because the state deems the road necessary, it seizes John's property and gives him $250,000 for it. John does not have the opportunity to say no, though he can challenge whether the $250,000 is fair market value.
The police power of local and federal governments generally is what gives them the authority to seize property for public use. The fifth and fourteenth amendments of the U.S. Constitution permit the government to exercise its power of eminent domain and requires "just compensation" for seized property.
In some cases, the property owner starts the eminent domain proceedings. This is called inverse condemnation, and property owners typically apply it when a government has used a property without just compensation (typically, this happens when the government has polluted the property).
Why It Matters
Eminent domain is a controversial topic. Though taking property may be necessary for the public good (particularly in the case of health and safety), it is sometimes difficult to forcibly separate a person from his or her property. Additionally, there is considerable question regarding whether implementing additional heavy regulations on a particular property is effectively the same as seizing the property because it significantly reduces the owner's "use and enjoyment" of the property, and thus entitles the owner to just compensation. Last, there is considerable controversy about what constitutes valid public use. For instance, some courts have allowed cities to clear bad-looking neighborhoods simply to beautify the town. Others have allowed governments to seize property and give it to businesses that build factories or other job-creating facilities on the property.
EMINENT DOMAIN Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of eminent domain for English Language Learners
law : a right of a government to take private property for public use
legal Definition of eminent domain
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up eminent domain? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).