dominant

adjective
dom·​i·​nant | \ ˈdä-mə-nənt How to pronounce dominant (audio) , ˈdäm-nənt\

Definition of dominant

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : commanding, controlling, or prevailing over all others the dominant culture
b : very important, powerful, or successful a dominant theme a dominant industry the team's dominant performance
2 : overlooking and commanding from a superior position a dominant hill
3 : of, relating to, or exerting ecological or genetic dominance dominant genes dominant and recessive traits
4 biology : being the one of a pair of bodily structures that is the more effective or predominant in action dominant eye used her dominant hand

dominant

noun

Definition of dominant (Entry 2 of 2)

1 music : the fifth tone of a major or minor scale (see scale entry 6 sense 2)
2a genetics : a character or factor that exerts genetic dominance (see dominance sense 1b)
b ecology : any of one or more kinds of organism (such as a species) in an ecological community that exerts a controlling influence on the environment and thereby largely determines what other kinds of organisms are present dominant conifers
c sociology : an individual having a controlling, prevailing, or powerful position in a social hierarchy : a dominant (see dominant entry 1 sense 1) individual in a social hierarchy

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Other Words from dominant

Adjective

dominantly adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for dominant

Adjective

dominant, predominant, paramount, preponderant mean superior to all others in influence or importance. dominant applies to something that is uppermost because ruling or controlling. a dominant social class predominant applies to something that exerts, often temporarily, the most marked influence. a predominant emotion paramount implies supremacy in importance, rank, or jurisdiction. unemployment was the paramount issue in the campaign preponderant applies to an element or factor that outweighs all others in influence or effect. preponderant evidence in her favor

Examples of dominant in a Sentence

Adjective

The company is now dominant in its market. It is the dominant culture in the region. the dominant female of the pack
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Jill Ellis responded to that dominant victory by making wholesale changes for this one - seven to be precise - but that had little effect on the tournament favourite's form. SI.com, "USA 3-0 Chile: Report, Ratings & Reaction as USWNT Qualify for Knockout Rounds With Comfortable Win," 16 June 2019 The Conservative Party and the Liberal Party were dominant in that country in the Victorian age, meaning most of the 19th century, and into the 20th century. Arthur I. Cyr, Lake County News-Sun, "Cyr: British politics reflect change — and stability," 14 June 2019 Kelley was dominant in the Marriotts Ridge cage this spring, as the team allowed just 59 goals in 16 games — good for 3.7 goals against, which was nearly two goals per game better than the next best team in the league. Tim Schwartz, baltimoresun.com, "Kelley makes Marriotts Ridge history as Howard County boys lacrosse Player of the Year," 11 June 2019 The about-turn was the result of scrutiny by the German antitrust authority, which said IBM was already dominant in the area and the deal would have further strengthened that position. Alan Murray, Fortune, "A Jobs Report for Recession-Watchers: CEO Daily," 7 June 2019 Baylor reached the Elite Eight for the fifth time in six years with another dominant performance, leading by as many as 30 points in a 93-68 victory over South Carolina on Saturday in the Greensboro Regional semifinals. Joedy Mccreary, The Seattle Times, "Baylor beats South Carolina 93-68, returns to Elite 8," 30 Mar. 2019 The meet concluded Saturday with the Summit of Speed, highlighted by X Y Jet’s dominant performance in winning the $250,000 Smile Sprint Stakes. Craig Davis, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Gulfstream Park shatters records for handle during spring meet," 5 July 2018 But such a dominant victory put the Russians in prime position to make it out of the group stage. Andrew Beaton, WSJ, "The Russian Soccer Team’s Biggest Trolls: Russians," 19 June 2018 Division 4 Horicon left no doubt as to who the top team in Division 4 was thanks to a dominant state performance. Curt Hogg, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Mattie Bredeson twirls a gem to lead Poynette to Division 3 softball crown," 9 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

But in recent years the rise of the internet and the accession of central and eastern European states have made English dominant. The Economist, "Brexit is the ideal moment to make English the EU’s common language," 15 June 2019 In a world that expects hierarchy and venerates individual genius, some musicians prefer to see their conductor not as a collaborator, but as a dominant, almost dictatorial leader. Maya Chung, The New York Review of Books, "When Women Take the Baton," 26 Mar. 2019 The running game still hasn’t found a dominant back since Lynch left. Jarrett Bell, USA TODAY, "Richard Sherman's release signals end of an era for Seattle Seahawks," 9 Mar. 2018 Knowing that, the non-dominant is always paying attention to those in power and what is going on around them. Kellee Terrell, Harper's BAZAAR, "Jen McGowan's Feminist Horror Rust Creek Is Exactly What Hollywood Needs Right Now," 22 Jan. 2019 Its once-dominant Hepatitis C franchise, which turned Gilead into one of the most important drug companies in the world earlier this decade, is now in decline. Charley Grant, WSJ, "Gilead Looks Outside to Revive Growth," 10 Dec. 2018 As the first half progressed, and with England dominant, the opportunity was there to put the game away. Martin Rogers, USA TODAY, "Croatia tops England in extra time to reach World Cup final," 11 July 2018 High pressure remaining dominant also means clouds should be few and far between. Ian Livingston, Washington Post, "D.C.-area forecast: Seasonable warmth of today trends to potentially dangerous heat by Monday," 16 June 2018 The Mavericks have the ball-dominant Dennis Smith in place, and the possibility of pairing him with Ayton, Bagley or Jaren Jackson Jr. somewhere in this range is tantalizing. Jeremy Woo, SI.com, "2018 NBA Draft Lottery Guide: What Are Your Team's Chances?," 14 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dominant.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dominant

Adjective

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1819, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for dominant

Adjective and Noun

Middle French or Latin; Middle French, from Latin dominant-, dominans, present participle of dominari — see dominate

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Statistics for dominant

Last Updated

25 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for dominant

The first known use of dominant was circa 1532

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More Definitions for dominant

dominant

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of dominant

: more important, powerful, or successful than most or all others
: most common
biology : causing or relating to a characteristic or condition that a child will have if one of the child's parents has it

dominant

adjective
dom·​i·​nant | \ ˈdä-mə-nənt How to pronounce dominant (audio) \

Kids Definition of dominant

1 : controlling or being more powerful or important than all others The team is dominant in its league.
2 : being or produced by a form of a gene that prevents or hides the effect of another form A dominant gene produces brown eye color.

dominant

adjective
dom·​i·​nant | \ -nənt How to pronounce dominant (audio) \

Medical Definition of dominant

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : exerting forcefulness or having dominance in a social hierarchy
2 : being the one of a pair of bodily structures that is the more effective or predominant in action the dominant eye
3 : of, relating to, or exerting genetic dominance

Other Words from dominant

dominantly adverb

dominant

noun

Medical Definition of dominant (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a dominant genetic character or factor
2 : a dominant individual in a social hierarchy

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