deduce

verb
de·​duce | \ di-ˈdüs How to pronounce deduce (audio) , dē-; chiefly British -ˈdyüs \
deduced; deducing

Definition of deduce

transitive verb

1 : to determine by reasoning or deduction deduce the age of ancient artifacts She deduced, from the fur stuck to his clothes, that he owned a cat. specifically, philosophy : to infer (see infer sense 1) from a general principle
2 : to trace the course of deduce their lineage

Other Words from deduce

deducible \ di-​ˈd(y)ü-​sə-​bəl How to pronounce deduce (audio) , dē-​ \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for deduce

infer, deduce, conclude, judge, gather mean to arrive at a mental conclusion. infer implies arriving at a conclusion by reasoning from evidence; if the evidence is slight, the term comes close to surmise. from that remark, I inferred that they knew each other deduce often adds to infer the special implication of drawing a particular inference from a generalization. denied we could deduce anything important from human mortality conclude implies arriving at a necessary inference at the end of a chain of reasoning. concluded that only the accused could be guilty judge stresses a weighing of the evidence on which a conclusion is based. judge people by their actions gather suggests an intuitive forming of a conclusion from implications. gathered their desire to be alone without a word

Frequently Asked Questions About deduce

What is the difference between deduction and induction?

Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is making an inference based on widely accepted facts or premises. If a beverage is defined as "drinkable through a straw," one could use deduction to determine soup to be a beverage. Inductive reasoning, or induction, is making an inference based on an observation, often of a sample. You can induce that the soup is tasty if you observe all of your friends consuming it. Read more on the difference between deduction and induction

What is the difference between abduction and deduction?

Abductive reasoning, or abduction, is making a probable conclusion from what you know. If you see an abandoned bowl of hot soup on the table, you can use abduction to conclude the owner of the soup is likely returning soon. Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is making an inference based on widely accepted facts or premises. If a meal is described as "eaten with a fork" you may use deduction to determine that it is solid food, rather than, say, a bowl of soup.

What is the difference between deduction and adduction?

Adduction is "the action of drawing (something, such as a limb) toward or past the median axis of the body," and "the bringing together of similar parts." Deduction may be "an act of taking away," or "something that is subtracted." Both words may be traced in part to the Latin dūcere, meaning "to lead."

Examples of deduce in a Sentence

I can deduce from the simple observation of your behavior that you're trying to hide something from me.
Recent Examples on the Web The blood tests pick up antibodies to the virus, but exclude those sparked by vaccines, allowing researchers to deduce infection rates across the country. Fortune, 26 Apr. 2022 The two heroes have to deduce who the bigger threat is — Lex Luthor, or each other. Marisa Lascala, Good Housekeeping, 20 Apr. 2022 Eagle-eyed TikTokers compared previous photos and outfits to deduce that it’s actually Kylie Jenner’s daughter, Stormi, in the pictures. Elizabeth Logan, Glamour, 13 Apr. 2022 Whether these songs are autobiographical or not is difficult to deduce, as this batch of heartfelt tracks doesn’t impede Tillman from adopting a fictional style every now and then. Grant Sharples, SPIN, 6 Apr. 2022 Phillips O’Brien, a professor of strategic studies at the University of St Andrews, analyzed satellite images to deduce that Russian military convoys are slowing down on their way into eastern Ukraine. Samanth Subramanian, Quartz, 14 Apr. 2022 What have the Cowboys said on the record and what can fans deduce from those comments? Jori Epstein, USA TODAY, 12 Mar. 2022 The researchers were able to deduce from that exercise whether the creatures would have been nocturnal hunters, attentive parents or clumsy fliers. Katie Hunt, CNN, 23 Mar. 2022 As with Phil, the audience must draw upon its own knowledge of such scripts to deduce Peter’s internal workings. Spencer Kornhaber, The Atlantic, 20 Jan. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deduce.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of deduce

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for deduce

Middle English, from Latin deducere, literally, to lead away, from de- + ducere to lead — more at tow entry 1

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Time Traveler for deduce

Time Traveler

The first known use of deduce was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near deduce

de dolo

deduce

deducement

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Statistics for deduce

Last Updated

11 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Deduce.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/deduce. Accessed 28 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for deduce

deduce

verb
de·​duce | \ di-ˈdüs How to pronounce deduce (audio) , -ˈdyüs \
deduced; deducing

Kids Definition of deduce

: to figure out by using reason or logic What can we deduce from the evidence?

More from Merriam-Webster on deduce

Nglish: Translation of deduce for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of deduce for Arabic Speakers

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