czar·​ism | \ ˈzär-ˌi-zəm How to pronounce czarism (audio) , ˈ(t)sär- How to pronounce czarism (audio) \
variants: or less commonly tsarism or tzarism

Definition of czarism

1 : the government of Russia under the czars
2 : autocratic rule

Other Words from czarism

czarist or less commonly tsarist or tzarist \ ˈzär-​ist How to pronounce czarism (audio) , ˈ(t)sär-​ \ noun or adjective

Examples of czarism in a Sentence

historically, during times of national crisis, people have looked to czarism as an answer to their fears
Recent Examples on the Web Lenin, Stalin and their epigones, despite their ideological rejection of czarism, acted as de facto Great Russian imperialists in assembling the Soviet Union and maintaining it by brute force. George Weigel, WSJ, 27 Jan. 2022 The difference between czarism and Leninism is the one between absolutism and totalitarianism. Josef Joffe, New York Times, 19 Oct. 2017 With the collapse of czarism, this commitment to gradual reform and the development of parliamentary institutions seemed outdated. Carolyn Harris, Smithsonian, 13 Apr. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'czarism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of czarism

1855, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Learn More About czarism

Time Traveler for czarism

Time Traveler

The first known use of czarism was in 1855

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near czarism




See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for czarism

Cite this Entry

“Czarism.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 20 Aug. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon


Test Your Vocabulary

Odd Habits and Quirks

  • image1926873504
  • Which of the following best describes an easily irritated person?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!