cystic fibrosis

noun

Definition of cystic fibrosis

: a common hereditary disease that appears usually in early childhood, involves functional disorder of the exocrine glands, and is marked especially by difficulty in breathing due to mucus accumulation in airways, by faulty digestion due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, and by excessive loss of salt in the sweat

Note: Cystic fibrosis occurs especially in Caucasian populations and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait requiring that both parents pass on a copy of the defective gene on a chromosome other than a sex chromosome.

Examples of cystic fibrosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

He was born with cystic fibrosis, a chronic, progressive disease that gradually impairs lung function. Caitlin Dwyer, Longreads, "Shared Breath," 25 July 2019 People with lung problems brought on by things such as cystic fibrosis, smoking, asthma, lung disease and small lungs could have a reaction to the wildfire smoke brought on by the air quality. oregonlive.com, "What are the long-term health effects from wildfire smoke? Oregon doctors say it’s something they’re still learning about.," 22 July 2019 Grayston was born with cystic fibrosis, a progressive, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time. Patrick Saunders, The Denver Post, "Rockies’ Nolan Arenado fulfills Make-A-Wish dream for fellow baseball fanatic," 29 June 2019 Researchers agree that the technology might, one day, help to eliminate genetic diseases such as sickle-cell anaemia and cystic fibrosis, but much more testing is needed before it is used in the alteration of human beings. David Cyranoski, Scientific American, "Russian Biologist Plans More CRISPR-Edited Babies," 11 June 2019 According to STAT News, fetal tissue was involved in the discovery of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, and hemophilia. Amanda Macmillan, Health.com, "Fetal Tissue Research Facts and Why It's so Controversial," 6 June 2019 Other conditions related to pancreatitis include stomach surgery, certain medications, smoking cigarettes, having cystic fibrosis, a family history of pancreatitis, infection, and pancreatic cancer, per the Mayo Clinic. Korin Miller, SELF, "What Is Pancreatitis, the Condition that Lead to Comedian Kevin Barnett’s Death?," 25 Jan. 2019 Landry surprised Cleveland fan Nick Kelly, who has cystic fibrosis, with two tickets to the Super Bowl. Mary Kay Cabot, cleveland.com, "Jarvis Landry continues to fulfill his promise to his HS sweetheart, who died of cystic fibrosis," 19 July 2019 Vertex is best known for its drugs Kalydeco, Orkambi, and Symdeko — groundbreaking medicines used to treat cystic fibrosis. Jonathan Saltzman, BostonGlobe.com, "Weeks after Kymera signed $70m deal with Vertex, the Cambridge biotech’s CEO is out," 15 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cystic fibrosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cystic fibrosis

1938, in the meaning defined above

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Last Updated

10 Oct 2019

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The first known use of cystic fibrosis was in 1938

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More Definitions for cystic fibrosis

cystic fibrosis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cystic fibrosis

medical : a very serious disease that usually appears in young children and that makes it hard to breathe and to digest food properly

cystic fibrosis

noun

Medical Definition of cystic fibrosis

: a hereditary disease prevalent especially in Caucasian populations that appears usually in early childhood, is inherited as an autosomal recessive monogenic trait, involves functional disorder of the exocrine glands, and is marked especially by faulty digestion due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, by difficulty in breathing due to mucus accumulation in airways, and by excessive loss of salt in the sweat

called also fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, mucoviscidosis

More from Merriam-Webster on cystic fibrosis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cystic fibrosis

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cystic fibrosis

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