cystic fibrosis

noun

Definition of cystic fibrosis

  1. :  a common hereditary disease that appears usually in early childhood, involves functional disorder of the exocrine glands, and is marked especially by difficulty in breathing due to mucus accumulation in airways, by faulty digestion due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, and by excessive loss of salt in the sweat Cystic fibrosis occurs especially in Caucasian populations and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait requiring that both parents pass on a copy of the defective gene on a chromosome other than a sex chromosome.

First Known Use of cystic fibrosis

1938


CYSTIC FIBROSIS Defined for English Language Learners

cystic fibrosis

noun

Definition of cystic fibrosis for English Language Learners

  • medical : a very serious disease that usually appears in young children and that makes it hard to breathe and to digest food properly


Medical Dictionary

cystic fibrosis

noun

Medical Definition of cystic fibrosis

  1. :  a hereditary disease prevalent especially in Caucasian populations that appears usually in early childhood, is inherited as an autosomal recessive monogenic trait, involves functional disorder of the exocrine glands, and is marked especially by faulty digestion due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, by difficulty in breathing due to mucus accumulation in airways, and by excessive loss of salt in the sweat—called also fibrocystic disease of the pancreas, mucoviscidosis


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