crural

adjective

cru·​ral ˈkru̇r-əl How to pronounce crural (audio)
: of or relating to the thigh or leg
specifically : femoral
crural artery

Did you know?

Crural is a word that you are most likely to encounter in a medical context, where you might, for example, come across a reference to a "crural artery" or "crural nerve." "Crural" comes from Latin cruralis, a combination of "crur-" or "crus" ("leg") and the adjectival suffix -alis (which, like the English suffix -al, means "of, relating to, or characterized by). In the mid-18th century, about 150 years after "crural" entered the English language, English borrowed "crus" itself. "Crus" - pluralized, as in Latin, as "crura" - is used of the leg or hind limb, and specifically of the shank, the part of the leg between the ankle and the thigh. "Crus" is also used more broadly of any anatomical part that resembles a leg or a pair of legs.

Word History

Etymology

Latin crur-, crus leg

First Known Use

1599, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of crural was in 1599

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Dictionary Entries Near crural

Cite this Entry

“Crural.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/crural. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition

crural

adjective
cru·​ral ˈkru̇(ə)r-əl How to pronounce crural (audio)
: of or relating to the thigh or leg
specifically : femoral
crural artery
crural nerve
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