creditor

noun
cred·​i·​tor | \ ˈkre-di-tər, -ˌtȯr\

Definition of creditor 

: one to whom a debt is owed especially : a person to whom money or goods are due

Examples of creditor in a Sentence

She owes thousands of dollars to creditors.

Recent Examples on the Web

The response from creditors is a fillip to the government of left-wing Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras which is trailing rival conservatives in opinion polls ahead of a general election next year. Raf Casert, The Seattle Times, "Greece: Creditors approve U-turn on pension cuts," 21 Nov. 2018 Tesla already has a lot of debt, and creditors may be reluctant to lend Tesla even more. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Tesla’s cash crunch, explained," 26 July 2018 Greece is to emerge from its third and final bailout on Aug. 20, after eight years of relying on emergency loans from international creditors. Washington Post, "EU executive: Greece exit from bailout ‘perfectly doable’," 14 June 2018 However, a sale transaction like this usually triggers the retirement of the debt, unless negotiations between the buyer and the creditors allow the debt to roll over. Ed Christman, Billboard, "Why Sony Bought Bulk of EMI Before It Had To - And What Competitors Could Win By Objecting To the Deal," 23 May 2018 Most of the buyout money would go to M&T Bank of Buffalo, N.Y., a secured creditor owed about $7 million. Michael Klein, Philly.com, "Most of Garces bankruptcy may proceed, judge rules," 22 May 2018 FirstEnergy Solutions, its subsidiaries and the FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Co., or FENOC, filed for bankruptcy protection from creditors on Mar. 31. John Funk, cleveland.com, "FirstEnergy Solutions definitely to close its nuclear power plants," 25 Apr. 2018 The company filed for protection from creditors in federal bankruptcy court in New York, listing debts of more than $1 billion. Bloomberg News, NOLA.com, "Nine West files for bankruptcy protection," 6 Apr. 2018 The fate of the company is still playing out in bankruptcy court, with hedge-fund billionaire and Sears Chairman Edward Lampertasking a judge to save some stores and other creditors pushing to liquidate the entire chain. Chip Cutter, WSJ, "For Sears Workers, a Chaotic, Heartbreaking Last Christmas," 23 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'creditor.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of creditor

15th century, in the meaning defined above

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Last Updated

2 Jan 2019

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The first known use of creditor was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for creditor

creditor

noun

Financial Definition of creditor

What It Is

A creditor is an individual or institution that lends money or services to another entity under a repayment agreement.

How It Works

There are generally two types of creditors: personal and real. Personal creditors are people who loan money to friends or family. Real creditors are financial entities who require borrowers to sign legal contracts that grant the creditor some sort of collateral -- e.g. car, house, jewelry --  if the borrower fails to repay the loan.

Let's look at a scenario with a real creditor, XYZ Bank, to whom you go to for a loan. If you are approved and they lend you money, XYZ Bank becomes your creditor.

Individuals and companies can have several creditors at any given time, for many different types of debt. Additional examples of creditors who extend credit lines of money or services include: utility companies, health clubs, phone companies and credit card issuers.

Not all creditors are considered equal. Some creditors are considered superior to others (senior), while others are subordinate.

For example, if Company XYZ issues bonds, the bondholders become creditors senior to Company XYZ's shareholders. And should Company XYZ then go bankrupt, the senior bondholders are entitled to repayment before the shareholders are.

Why It Matters

If a borrower does not repay the credit, creditors have the legal right to:

1Sue to obtain access to accounts or other assets if the borrower has not paid.
2Place liens on the borrower's assets. This means the borrower cannot sell the assets without paying the creditor first.

The distinction between senior debt and subordinated debt is crucial for creditors and investors. Senior debt is considered less risky than subordinated debt because it is first in line to be repaid once means for repayment have become available. That means that the interest rate paid on senior debt is lower than that paid on unsecured debt.

Source: Investing Answers

secured creditor

noun

Financial Definition of secured creditor

What It Is

Secured creditor is a lender that provides collateralized debt.

How It Works

Mortgage lenders are the most common example of secured creditors: They lend you money and keep the house as collateral.

Here's another example: You would like to borrow $100,000 to start a business. Even if you have an excellent credit rating, a bank may be reluctant to lend you the money because it may be left with nothing if you default on the loan. Thus, although banks may attempt the lengthy and expensive process of suing you in that circumstance, the bank may require $100,000 of collateral in order to lend you the money. This collateral might consist of financial instruments, houses, cash, or even objects such as art, jewelry, or other items. You might also pledge your business receivables. When you pledge these assets, you are making the lender a secured creditor.

If you do in fact default on the loan, the loan agreement gives the lender the right to seize and sell the collateral in order to recover any outstanding balance.

Why It Matters

Secured creditors often provide lower interest rates than unsecured creditors because they have collateral on their side. They bear less risk as a result. However, the type and amount of security required for a given loan is often a matter of negotiation between the lender and borrower. For instance, a lender might require a borrower to collateralize any assets purchased during the loan period. In some cases, collateral for one obligation can also be collateral for other obligations (this is called cross-collateralization). This often occurs in real estate transactions, where a house collateralizes more than one mortgage.

Source: Investing Answers

unsecured creditor

noun

Financial Definition of unsecured creditor

What It Is

An unsecured creditor is a lender or any entity to which a company or individual owes money for services provided. That creditor, however, does not have any collateral from the borrower.

How It Works

If you borrow money from XYZ Bank, XYZ Bank becomes your creditor. Utility companies, health clubs, phone companies, and credit card issuers can all be creditors if you have contracts with them or if they have performed services for which you have not yet paid.

If the creditor has claim to some of your assets -- say, a deposit you made, a lien on your house, the title to your car -- that creditor is a secured creditor. If the creditor has no ability to claim some of your assets when you don’t pay (this is often the case with credit cards), the creditor is unsecured. If you have borrowed money from a bank, the bank may ask you for collateral as a way of securing the loan.

Why It Matters

An unsecured creditor takes on more risk than a secured creditor because it does not have the ability to seize an asset right away if a borrower fails to repay the debt. Creditors may of course sue to obtain access to accounts or other assets if the borrower has not paid, but that is more expensive than requiring collateral up front.

Regardless, this lack of security increases the creditor’s risk, which in turn increases the interest rates on unsecured loans.

Source: Investing Answers

creditor

noun

English Language Learners Definition of creditor

: a person, bank, or company that lends money to someone

creditor

noun
cred·​i·​tor | \ ˈkre-də-tər \

Kids Definition of creditor

: a person to whom a debt is owed

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creditor

noun
cred·​i·​tor | \ ˈkre-də-tər, -ˌtȯr \

Legal Definition of creditor 

: a person to whom a debt is owed especially : a person to whom money or goods are due — compare debtor, obligor
general creditor
: a creditor who is not secured by a lien or other security interest

called also unsecured creditor

judgment creditor
: a creditor who has a money judgment entered against the debtor and may enforce the judgment (as by attachment or writ of execution)
known creditor
: a creditor whose potential claim is known or should be known by a debtor and who is entitled to notice of a corporate dissolution or of a date at which claims will be barred (as in bankruptcy)
lien creditor
: a creditor who is secured by a lien (as by attachment)
secured creditor
: a creditor who has a security interest (as a mortgage)
unsecured creditor
: general creditor in this entry

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More from Merriam-Webster on creditor

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with creditor

Spanish Central: Translation of creditor

Nglish: Translation of creditor for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of creditor for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about creditor

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