crapulous

adjective

crap·​u·​lous ˈkra-pyə-ləs How to pronounce crapulous (audio)
1
: marked by intemperance especially in eating or drinking
2
: sick from excessive indulgence in liquor

Did you know?

Crapulous may sound like a word that you shouldn't use in polite company, but it actually has a long and perfectly respectable history (although it's not a particularly kind way to describe someone). It is derived from the Late Latin adjective crapulosus, which, in turn, traces back to the Latin word crapula, meaning "intoxication." (The decidedly impolite word crap is unrelated; it comes from a British dialect term meaning "residue from rendered fat.") Crapula itself comes from a much older Greek word for the headache one gets from drinking too much alcohol. Crapulous first appeared in print in the 1530s. Approximately 200 years later, its close cousin crapulence arrived on the scene as a word for sickness caused by excessive drinking. Crapulence later acquired the meaning "great intemperance especially in drinking," but it is not an especially common word.

Examples of crapulous in a Sentence

a crapulous wastrel who went through the family's once-fabulous fortune in less than a decade
Recent Examples on the Web Researchers have recently taken a closer look at the role of the immune system in provoking those crapulous mornings. Jesse Hawley, Discover Magazine, 17 Mar. 2021 The memory ends with the image of my friend squatting, crapulous, and dumping her purse on the sidewalk. Justin Torres, Los Angeles Times, 17 Mar. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'crapulous.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Late Latin crapulosus, from Latin crapula intoxication, from Greek kraipalē

First Known Use

circa 1540, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of crapulous was circa 1540

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Dictionary Entries Near crapulous

Cite this Entry

“Crapulous.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/crapulous. Accessed 22 Jun. 2024.

Medical Definition

crapulous

adjective
crap·​u·​lous ˈkrap-yə-ləs How to pronounce crapulous (audio)
1
: marked by intemperance especially in eating or drinking
2
: sick from excessive indulgence in liquor
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