craniology

noun
cra·​ni·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌkrā-nē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce craniology (audio) \

Definition of craniology

: the comparative study of the size, shape, and proportions of skulls

Note: Formerly, and especially from the 19th to mid-20th century, craniology was often linked to the notion that differences in human skull sizes were correlated with differences in intelligence, and was used to support the erroneous belief in the superiority or inferiority of different racial groups.

First Known Use of craniology

1863, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for craniology

probably from German Kraniologie, from kranio- crani- + -logie -logy

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The first known use of craniology was in 1863

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Cite this Entry

“Craniology.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/craniology. Accessed 12 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for craniology

craniology

noun
cra·​ni·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌkrā-nē-ˈäl-ə-jē How to pronounce craniology (audio) \
plural craniologies

Medical Definition of craniology

: the comparative study of the size, shape, and proportions of skulls

Note: Formerly, and especially from the 19th to mid-20th century, craniology was often linked to the notion that differences in human skull sizes were correlated with differences in intelligence, and was used to support the erroneous belief in the superiority or inferiority of different racial groups.

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