coun·​ter·​fac·​tu·​al | \ ˌkau̇n-tər-ˈfak-chə-wəl How to pronounce counterfactual (audio) , -chəl, -shwəl, -chü-əl\

Definition of counterfactual

: contrary to fact counterfactual assumptions

Examples of counterfactual in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Microsoft's credibility with the press was no higher, hurt by constant counterfactual statements and spin. Dina Bass,, "Microsoft’s past antitrust missteps offer lessons for today’s tech giants," 20 June 2019 Second, counterfactual editorials not supported by the economic data unwittingly feed into the false narratives of those foreign countries that have been getting away with high tariffs and unfair trade practices for years. WSJ, "In Defense of President Trump’s Trade Policy," 26 July 2018 In this counterfactual world, the storm looks significantly different. Scott K. Johnson, Ars Technica, "A quick simulation of Hurricane Florence done without climate change," 13 Sep. 2018 In short, Wakanda functions as counterfactual history. Naunihal Singh, Washington Post, "What ‘Black Panther’s’ Wakanda can teach us about Africa’s history — and its future," 28 Feb. 2018 Setting the political furor aside, how would political science assess its counterfactual analysis? Matthew Cebul, Washington Post, "How political science can shed light on the Holocaust Museum’s Syria report," 17 Oct. 2017 But the notion that 2020 will bear any resemblance to 1972 is built on a foundation of counterfactual history and willful misreading of contemporary politics. Bob Moser, New Republic, "Clintonian Democrats Are Peddling Myths to Cling to Power," 11 Oct. 2017 If only reconstructing counterfactual occurrences, as these scientists did for this protein, were as easy to do for other aspects of human history. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Evolution on steroids: Chance ruled in building an estrogen receptor," 20 Sep. 2017 The memo targeted Google’s unconscious bias programs as examples of the company pandering to political correctness over the author’s sexist, counterfactual understanding of evolutionary biology. April Glaser, Slate Magazine, "Google Was Right to Fire the Memo Writer," 8 Aug. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'counterfactual.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of counterfactual

1946, in the meaning defined above

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Statistics for counterfactual

Last Updated

3 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for counterfactual

The first known use of counterfactual was in 1946

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something desired as essential

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