clos·trid·i·um | \klä-ˈstri-dē-əm \
plural clostridia\-dē-ə \

Definition of clostridium 

: any of a genus (Clostridium) of spore-forming mostly anaerobic soil or intestinal bacteria — see botulinum, c. diff, gas gangrene, tetanus

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Other Words from clostridium

clostridial \-dē-əl \ adjective

Examples of clostridium in a Sentence

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All three have required intensive care treatment with an anti-toxin that counteracts the effects of a neurotoxin produced by clostridium botulinum, the bacteria that causes wound botulism. Paul Sisson,, "Wound botulism hospitalizes three black tar heroin users," 10 Apr. 2018 Specifically, scientists recovered and cultured clostridium difficile, demonstrating that the exact same bug circulating in human outbreaks is also found in mice. Melanie Grayce West, WSJ, "Mice in New York Carry Rare and Dangerous Diseases, Study Finds," 17 Apr. 2018 So and So's, Sunday's event unfolded as a single version of Margot closely resembling the 2014 edition that shut down because of Edwards' health issues related to a diagnosis of C. Diff, or clostridium difficile colitis. David Lindquist, Indianapolis Star, "5 ways Richard Edwards made Nuclear sounds on New Year’s Eve," 1 Jan. 2018 This can prevent infections such as clostridium difficile. Paul Sisson,, "Report: Some hospital infection rates too high," 3 Feb. 2018 Edwards dissolved the Margot & the Nuclear So & So's name in 2014, a year in which he was diagnosed with C. Diff, or clostridium difficile colitis. David Lindquist, Indianapolis Star, "Richard Edwards will look back at Margot to ring in ‘18," 11 Dec. 2017 Doctors who want to test patients for clostridium difficile regardless of symptoms can still order one. Melanie Evans, WSJ, "To Curb Unnecessary Care, Hospitals Use Physician Alerts," 12 Sep. 2017 But once patients test positive for clostridium difficile, doctors prescribe them, says Sam Bagchi, Christus Health’s chief medical officer and chief medical information officer. Melanie Evans, WSJ, "To Curb Unnecessary Care, Hospitals Use Physician Alerts," 12 Sep. 2017 Botulism is caused by a dangerous nerve toxin created when a bacteria called clostridium botulinum multiplies in food. Sammy Caiola,, "How to avoid botulism in and out of the kitchen," 5 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clostridium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clostridium

1884, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for clostridium

New Latin, genus name, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin

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Time Traveler for clostridium

The first known use of clostridium was in 1884

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clos·trid·i·um | \kläs-ˈtrid-ē-əm \

Medical Definition of clostridium 

1 capitalized : a genus of saprophytic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped usually gram-positive bacteria ( family Clostridiaceae) that are anaerobic or require very little free oxygen and are nearly cosmopolitan in soil, water, sewage, and animal and human intestines, that are very active biochemically comprising numerous fermenters of carbohydrates with vigorous production of acid and gas, many nitrogen-fixers, and others which rapidly putrefy proteins, and that include important pathogens — see blackleg, botulism, c. diff, gas gangrene, tetanus bacillus

2 plural clostridia\-ē-ə \

a : any bacterium of the genus Clostridium

b : a spindle-shaped or ovoid bacterial cell especially : one swollen at the center by an endospore

Other Words from clostridium

clostridial \-ē-əl \ adjective

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