clostridium

play
noun clos·trid·i·um \klä-ˈstri-dē-əm\

Definition of clostridium

plural

clostridia

play \-dē-ə\
  1. :  any of a genus (Clostridium) of spore-forming mostly anaerobic soil or intestinal bacteria — compare botulism, tetanus

clostridial

play \-dē-əl\ adjective

Origin and Etymology of clostridium

New Latin, genus name, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin


First Known Use: 1884


Medical Dictionary

clostridium

play
noun clos·trid·i·um \kläs-ˈtrid-ē-əm\

Medical Definition of clostridium

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of saprophytic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped usually gram-positive bacteria ( family Clostridiaceae) that are anaerobic or require very little free oxygen and are nearly cosmopolitan in soil, water, sewage, and animal and human intestines, that are very active biochemically comprising numerous fermenters of carbohydrates with vigorous production of acid and gas, many nitrogen-fixers, and others which rapidly putrefy proteins, and that include important pathogens—see blackleg, botulism, c. diff, gas gangrene, tetanus bacillus

  2. 2plural clostridia \-ē-ə\play a:  any bacterium of the genus Clostridiumb:  a spindle-shaped or ovoid bacterial cell; especially :  one swollen at the center by an endospore

clostridial

\-ē-əl\play adjective

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