cit·​rate | \ ˈsi-ˌtrāt How to pronounce citrate (audio) \

Definition of citrate

: a salt or ester of citric acid

Examples of citrate in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web There will always remain a possibility, however remote, that SARS-CoV-2 will stumble on another citrate moment. Dhruv Khullar, The New Yorker, 11 Aug. 2021 This would require it to open up a new evolutionary space—a citrate moment. Dhruv Khullar, The New Yorker, 11 Aug. 2021 There are numerous types of zinc supplements, including zinc gluconate, picolinate, acetate, and citrate, and various forms, such as lozenges, capsules, and drops. Cynthia Sass, Rd,, 24 June 2020 Calcium citrate is absorbed well with or without food. Lisa Drayer, CNN, 24 June 2020 Typically, aluminum is found in the environment as aluminum salts or other compounds like aluminum citrate. Vincent Gabrielle, USA TODAY, 23 June 2020 After a short purification, farmers could hold in their hands roughly 500 pounds of nickel citrate, potentially worth thousands of dollars on international markets. Ian Morse, New York Times, 26 Feb. 2020 In 2003, Lenski’s team noticed that one line of bacteria had abruptly switched from feeding on glucose to feeding on a compound called citrate. Quanta Magazine, 17 July 2014 One line of bacteria evolved the ability to use citrate as a food source. Quanta Magazine, 3 Nov. 2016

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'citrate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of citrate

1788, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for citrate

International Scientific Vocabulary

Buying Guide

Our team at The Usage has selected the best multivitamin of 2021.

Learn More About citrate

Time Traveler for citrate

Time Traveler

The first known use of citrate was in 1788

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near citrate



citrated caffeine

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for citrate

Last Updated

15 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Citrate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for citrate


cit·​rate | \ ˈsi-ˌtrāt How to pronounce citrate (audio) \

Medical Definition of citrate

: a salt or ester of citric acid

More from Merriam-Webster on citrate Encyclopedia article about citrate


Test Your Vocabulary

Farm Idioms Quiz

  • cow coming home
  • What does 'poke' refer to in the expression 'pig in a poke'?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!