cinchona

noun

cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
1
: any of a genus (Cinchona) of South American trees and shrubs of the madder family
2
: the dried bark of a cinchona (such as C. ledgeriana) containing alkaloids (such as quinine) and formerly used as a specific in malaria

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web In 1865 a native braved execution to slip Bolivian cinchona seeds to a British trader. The Economist, 16 Dec. 2020 Officials have even said that Indian plantations could increase the growing capacity of cinchona trees, whose bark contains the compound quinine, which has been used to treat malaria since the 1860s. Emily Schmall And Aniruddha Ghosal, The Christian Science Monitor, 19 May 2020 Officials have even said that Indian plantations could increase the growing capacity of cinchona trees, whose bark contains the compound quinine, which has been used to treat malaria since the 1860s. Washington Post, 19 May 2020 Its distinguishing feature is Aperol, a bright orange bitter Italian liqueur of gentian, rhubarb, and cinchona. Alex Erdekian, Condé Nast Traveler, 27 Apr. 2020 The malaria drug chloroquine was developed from quinine, an alkaloid found in the bark of the cinchona tree, which grows in the tropical highlands of South America. Paige Williams, The New Yorker, 27 Mar. 2020 These include cinchona bark (helps with digestion), chamomile (helps with relaxation), cinnamon (antioxidant, aphrodisiac), linden (more of the latter), iris (antiseptic), and saffron (energy and mood boost). Washington Post, 13 Dec. 2019 North and South Kivu are home to the largest cinchona forests in the world. The Economist, 8 June 2019 Indian traders have begun buying cinchona bark and shipping it to Delhi, where the cost of processing is lower. The Economist, 8 June 2019 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cinchona.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin, genus name, from the countess of Chinchón †1641 wife of the Peruvian viceroy

First Known Use

1786, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of cinchona was in 1786

Dictionary Entries Near cinchona

Cite this Entry

“Cinchona.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cinchona. Accessed 2 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

cinchona

noun

cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
: any of a genus of South American trees and shrubs with bark containing substances (as quinine) that are used in treating malaria

Medical Definition

cinchona

noun

cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
1
capitalized : a large genus of South American trees and shrubs of the madder family
2
: a tree of the genus Cinchona
3
: the dried bark of any of several trees of the genus Cinchona (especially C. ledgeriana and C. succirubra or their hybrids) containing alkaloids (as quinine, cinchonine, quinidine, and cinchonidine) and being used especially formerly as a specific in malaria, an antipyretic in other fevers, and a tonic and stomachic

called also cinchona bark, Jesuits' bark, Peruvian bark

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