cinchona

noun

cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
1
: any of a genus (Cinchona) of South American trees and shrubs of the madder family
2
: the dried bark of a cinchona (such as C. ledgeriana) containing alkaloids (such as quinine) and formerly used as a specific in malaria

Examples of cinchona in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Made up of two parts Aperol — a bitter whose core ingredients are gentian, rhubarb and cinchona — three parts prosecco and a dash of sparkling water, poured over a glass of ice and topped with an orange slice, the drink is viewed by devotees as the ideal antidote to sweltering weather. Kostiantyn Khudov, Washington Post, 26 Aug. 2023 Tonic: Fever Tree Indian Tonic Water, made from the quinine-rich bark of Congolese cinchona trees, is beloved for its just-bitter-enough flavor and refined fizz. Monica Khemsurov, New York Times, 28 July 2023 In 1865 a native braved execution to slip Bolivian cinchona seeds to a British trader. The Economist, 16 Dec. 2020 Officials have even said that Indian plantations could increase the growing capacity of cinchona trees, whose bark contains the compound quinine, which has been used to treat malaria since the 1860s. Washington Post, 19 May 2020 Its distinguishing feature is Aperol, a bright orange bitter Italian liqueur of gentian, rhubarb, and cinchona. Alex Erdekian, Condé Nast Traveler, 27 Apr. 2020 The malaria drug chloroquine was developed from quinine, an alkaloid found in the bark of the cinchona tree, which grows in the tropical highlands of South America. Paige Williams, The New Yorker, 27 Mar. 2020 These include cinchona bark (helps with digestion), chamomile (helps with relaxation), cinnamon (antioxidant, aphrodisiac), linden (more of the latter), iris (antiseptic), and saffron (energy and mood boost). Washington Post, 13 Dec. 2019 North and South Kivu are home to the largest cinchona forests in the world. The Economist, 8 June 2019

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'cinchona.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin, genus name, from the countess of Chinchón †1641 wife of the Peruvian viceroy

First Known Use

1786, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of cinchona was in 1786

Dictionary Entries Near cinchona

Cite this Entry

“Cinchona.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cinchona. Accessed 23 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition

cinchona

noun
cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
: any of a genus of South American trees and shrubs with bark containing substances (as quinine) that are used in treating malaria

Medical Definition

cinchona

noun
cin·​cho·​na siŋ-ˈkō-nə How to pronounce cinchona (audio) sin-ˈchō- How to pronounce cinchona (audio)
1
capitalized : a large genus of South American trees and shrubs of the madder family
2
: a tree of the genus Cinchona
3
: the dried bark of any of several trees of the genus Cinchona (especially C. ledgeriana and C. succirubra or their hybrids) containing alkaloids (as quinine, cinchonine, quinidine, and cinchonidine) and being used especially formerly as a specific in malaria, an antipyretic in other fevers, and a tonic and stomachic

called also cinchona bark, Jesuits' bark, Peruvian bark

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