: a complex chiefly of DNA and histone in eukaryotic cells that is usually dispersed in the interphase nucleus and condensed into chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis and in which the nucleosome makes up its repeating subunits
In eukaryotes, the DNA interacts with the histone proteins to form a tightly packed superstructure known as chromatin.—Isao Tanaka et al.
Recent Examples on the WebTo access a gene, the chromatin must be unpacked in a way that reveals the precise location of the gene and then packed away again afterwards.—The Physics Arxiv Blog, Discover Magazine, 9 Aug. 2023 It is controlled by methylation changes to CpG islands on promoter regions, the remodeling of chromatin using histone modifications, and the alteration of gene expression through non-coding RNA expression.—Salvatore Viscomi, Forbes, 22 Mar. 2023 Methylation is a process by which, in the presence of specific enzymes, methyl groups attach to key sites on a strand of DNA or within the complex of DNA and proteins known as chromatin.—Rachel Yehuda, Scientific American, 18 June 2022 The researchers eventually zeroed in on two key enzymes that affect the structure and, as a consequence, function of chromatin.—Gabriel A. Silva, Forbes, 5 Apr. 2021 That’s when Marco realized that the architectural changes to the chromatin were preparing the cells to reinforce the memories when they were recalled.—Quanta Magazine, 2 Nov. 2020 Amid all of this, the chromatin pinches off here and there into thousands of loops.—Quanta Magazine, 25 Feb. 2015 And a new company aims to target one aspect of epigenetics — chromatin winding — to try to treat first cancer, and then other disorders.—Elizabeth Cooney, STAT, 20 Apr. 2018 That’s because the chemical elements in chromatin don’t contain many electrons.—Bradley J. Fikes, sandiegouniontribune.com, 27 July 2017 See More
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'chromatin.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
borrowed from German Chromatin "dense part of the cell nucleus that is easily stained," from Greek chrōmat-, chrôma "color" + German -in-in entry 1
Term introduced by German biologist Walther Flemming (1843-1905) in "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Zelle und ihrer Lebenserscheinungen, Theil II," Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie, Band 18 (1880), pp. 157-58.