Definition of chemotherapy
: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease; especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer ◆Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation. —called also chemo
chemotherapistplay \-pist\ noun
Recent Examples of chemotherapy from the Web
Sometimes the patients - on their way to doctor's appointments, chemotherapy or radiation treatments or support group meetings, or to pick up prescriptions - seek her out at her station just inside the automatic door.
Her cancer, Courtney said, can be treated with chemotherapy and radiation.
The McConnell bill removes the protection of lifetime and annual limits, meaning someone with a serious illness like cancer could be cut off in the middle of chemotherapy.
Doctors learn only the basics of other diseases because specialized medicines and equipment — chemotherapy for cancer, for example — simply aren’t available.
The course covers soothing skin-care routines and ways to use makeup to help groom thinning eyebrows and eyelashes due to radiation or chemotherapy treatments.
Further proving HBO stars stay in the family, Veep's Tony Hale had a brief moment on The Sopranos, as well, playing a nurse who administers chemotherapy to Uncle Junior.
This is her second cancer diagnosis; in 1992, she was first diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent chemotherapy and a partial mastectomy. •
Fullerton dentist Randall Kam crossed the finish line in 2015 three days after chemotherapy.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of chemotherapy
International Scientific Vocabulary
First Known Use: 1910See Words from the same year
CHEMOTHERAPY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of chemotherapy for English Language Learners
medical : the use of chemicals to treat or control a disease (such as cancer)
Medical Definition of chemotherapy
: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern chemotherapy of tuberculosis …—Max Salfinger et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 Mar. 1995; especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most chemotherapy drugs, requiring higher and more toxic doses to achieve an effect.—Shannon Brownlee and Nancy Shute, U.S. News & World Report, 18 May 1998 Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of chemotherapy.—Jeffrey Crawford et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 18 July 1991—called also chemo ◆Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.
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