chemotherapy

noun
che·mo·ther·a·py | \ -ˈther-ə-pē \

Definition of chemotherapy 

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

called also chemo

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Other words from chemotherapy

chemotherapist \-pist \ noun

Examples of chemotherapy in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Shifrel’s 13-year-old grandson Dylan was born with an inoperable brain tumor and underwent 20 months of chemotherapy. Krislyn Placide, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Former Miami Dolphin Kim Bokamper 'arrested' during annual Jail & Bail," 11 July 2018 Noah and Kalea will soon start radiation and possibly chemotherapy. Jason Duaine Hahn, PEOPLE.com, "Siblings, Ages 4 and 6, Diagnosed with Brain Tumors Just 2 Weeks Apart: 'We Broke Down in Tears'," 30 June 2018 He is not hospitalized but is receiving chemotherapy while also battling pneumonia. Olivia P. Tallet, Houston Chronicle, "Fundraiser held for veteran Houston civil rights activist diagnosed with cancer," 22 June 2018 David will stop receiving chemotherapy treatment Monday. Danielle Lerner, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville men's soccer gave boy with brain tumor his 'best day ever'," 15 June 2018 The chemotherapy, radiation, steroid therapies and past hospitalizations had all taken a heavy toll on his body. Lori Nickel, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Gifted with boundless energy, a father faces his final days and leaves a lasting message," 15 June 2018 Doctors gave the girl 33 chemotherapy treatments, which helped keep the tumor from growing for about a half of a year, Yahoo reported. Josh Magness, star-telegram, "Boy says goodbye to his little sister and 'partner in crime' as she dies from cancer," 11 June 2018 Follow-up tests nine months later showed the cancer spread to his sinus, which led to radiation and chemotherapy treatments. David Furones, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Miami Hurricanes great Jim Kelly to be honored with Jimmy V award at ESPYs," 4 June 2018 In 2011, physicians stopped Michele Harte’s chemotherapy treatments due to her pregnancy. Sarah Jones, The New Republic, "How American Christians Are Swaying Ireland’s Abortion Referendum," 24 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chemotherapy

1910, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for chemotherapy

International Scientific Vocabulary

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4 Sep 2018

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Time Traveler for chemotherapy

The first known use of chemotherapy was in 1910

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More Definitions for chemotherapy

chemotherapy

noun

English Language Learners Definition of chemotherapy

medical : the use of chemicals to treat or control a disease (such as cancer)

chemotherapy

noun
che·mo·ther·a·py | \ -ˈther-ə-pē \
plural chemotherapies

Medical Definition of chemotherapy 

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern chemotherapy of tuberculosis … —Max Salfinger et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 Mar. 1995 especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most chemotherapy drugs, requiring higher and more toxic doses to achieve an effect. —Shannon Brownlee and Nancy Shute, U.S. News & World Report, 18 May 1998 Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of chemotherapy. —Jeffrey Crawford et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 18 July 1991

called also chemo

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on chemotherapy

Spanish Central: Translation of chemotherapy

Nglish: Translation of chemotherapy for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of chemotherapy for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about chemotherapy

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