chemotherapy

noun
che·​mo·​ther·​a·​py | \ ˌkē-mō-ˈther-ə-pē \

Definition of chemotherapy

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

called also chemo

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Other Words from chemotherapy

chemotherapist \ ˌkē-​mō-​ˈther-​ə-​pist \ noun

Examples of chemotherapy in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

My uncle called to tell me that my father, seemingly in the clear after his second round of chemotherapy, had died. Kate Branch, Vogue, "How I Learned to Grieve the Loss of My Dad in the Age of Instagram," 6 Oct. 2018 Luke received a few messages from friends trying to relate to his weight loss via chemotherapy to weight loss via fraternity pledgeship. Mac Engel, star-telegram, "Cowboys' radio voice opens up about son's fight against cancer," 18 June 2018 The syringes contained supportive drugs for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment. Micah Maidenberg, WSJ, "Former AmerisourceBergen Exec Blew Whistle That Led to Settlement," 2 Oct. 2018 Coronado, who has been undergoing chemotherapy treatments, was present for the coin toss and kicked the ceremonial first goal before the team lost 4-3 in front of the home crowd. Alexandria Hein, Fox News, "San Jose Earthquakes name girl battling cancer honorary captain," 21 Sep. 2018 This includes chemotherapy treatment for cancer patients. Andrea K. Mcdaniels, baltimoresun.com, "Maryland lawmakers pass legislation to help preserve the fertility of cancer patients," 13 Apr. 2018 But as of now, her only course of action is to undergo costly and painful chemotherapy treatments. Jim Ayello, Indianapolis Star, "IndyCar community rallies around 'icon' in need," 6 July 2018 Seventy-year-old Patricia Lane cast a ballot in Bethesda, Maryland, despite months of tiring chemotherapy treatments. Time, "Henry McMaster, Backed by President Trump, Wins South Carolina Governor Primary," 28 June 2018 For the next year, Stoy underwent intense chemotherapy treatment and acquired an infection that forced an extended hospital stay. Scott Berson, miamiherald, "They're selling bracelets and toothpaste to pay for teen's $350K cancer treatment," 18 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chemotherapy

1910, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for chemotherapy

International Scientific Vocabulary

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Last Updated

14 Jan 2019

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Time Traveler for chemotherapy

The first known use of chemotherapy was in 1910

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More Definitions for chemotherapy

chemotherapy

noun

English Language Learners Definition of chemotherapy

medical : the use of chemicals to treat or control a disease (such as cancer)

chemotherapy

noun
che·​mo·​ther·​a·​py | \ -ˈther-ə-pē \
plural chemotherapies

Medical Definition of chemotherapy

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern chemotherapy of tuberculosis …— Max Salfinger et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 Mar. 1995 especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most chemotherapy drugs, requiring higher and more toxic doses to achieve an effect. — Shannon Brownlee and Nancy Shute, U.S. News & World Report, 18 May 1998 Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of chemotherapy. — Jeffrey Crawford et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 18 July 1991

called also chemo

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on chemotherapy

Spanish Central: Translation of chemotherapy

Nglish: Translation of chemotherapy for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of chemotherapy for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about chemotherapy

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