chemotherapy

noun
che·​mo·​ther·​a·​py | \ ˌkē-mō-ˈther-ə-pē How to pronounce chemotherapy (audio) \

Definition of chemotherapy

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

called also chemo

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Other Words from chemotherapy

chemotherapist \ ˌkē-​mō-​ˈther-​ə-​pist How to pronounce chemotherapist (audio) \ noun

Examples of chemotherapy in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The chemotherapy was less invasive as well, suggesting that, to be successful, treatments and their side-effects may not need to be as intensive for future HIV patients. Jill Kiedaisch, Popular Mechanics, "A Patient with HIV Has Gone Into Remission—Only the Second Case in Recorded Medical History," 6 Mar. 2019 Among them are nursing-home costs, insurance premiums paid with after-tax dollars, prostheses, eyeglasses, and even a wig if needed after chemotherapy, among others. WSJ, "WSJ Tax Guide 2019: Medical-Expenses Deduction," 15 Feb. 2019 Your doctor may also recommend radiation therapy to target particular areas of your body or chemotherapy, the Mayo Clinic says. Korin Miller, SELF, "Former Miss Universe Dayanara Torres Has Melanoma That Spread From a Spot She 'Never Paid Attention To'," 6 Feb. 2019 This is great news for brain cancer patients who have developed a resistance to chemotherapy, a proven obstacle to successful treatment. Jill Kiedaisch, Popular Mechanics, "Nanoparticles That Zap and Kill Cancer Cells Are a Small Solution to Huge Disease," 9 Jan. 2019 Robin Shine Maddox has racked up $160,000 in charges for biopsies, chemotherapy, medications and scans since being diagnosed with breast cancer in February. Sarah Gantz, chicagotribune.com, "Ever been depressed? Had cancer? Preexisting conditions can define your future," 3 July 2018 The procedure would ostensibly be used by women undergoing toxic cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, which has the potential to cause infertility. Sy Mukherjee, Fortune, "Scientists Say They've Made Progress on an Artificial Ovary to Help Cancer Patients. There's a Catch," 2 July 2018 Buy Photo Robin Shine Maddox has racked up $160,000 in charges for biopsies, chemotherapy, medications and scans since being diagnosed with breast cancer in February. Sarah Gantz, Philly.com, "Ever been depressed? Had cancer? Preexisting conditions can define your future," 28 June 2018 Dysgeusia is a common side effect of chemotherapy and makes food and drinks taste bitter or bland. Caroline Judelson, Fox News, "Czech beer brewed to aid cancer patients with loss of taste, appetite," 10 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chemotherapy

1910, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for chemotherapy

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20 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for chemotherapy

The first known use of chemotherapy was in 1910

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More Definitions for chemotherapy

chemotherapy

noun

English Language Learners Definition of chemotherapy

medical : the use of chemicals to treat or control a disease (such as cancer)

chemotherapy

noun
che·​mo·​ther·​a·​py | \ -ˈther-ə-pē How to pronounce chemotherapy (audio) \
plural chemotherapies

Medical Definition of chemotherapy

: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern chemotherapy of tuberculosis …— Max Salfinger et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 Mar. 1995 especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most chemotherapy drugs, requiring higher and more toxic doses to achieve an effect. — Shannon Brownlee and Nancy Shute, U.S. News & World Report, 18 May 1998 Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of chemotherapy. — Jeffrey Crawford et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 18 July 1991

called also chemo

Note: Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on chemotherapy

Spanish Central: Translation of chemotherapy

Nglish: Translation of chemotherapy for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of chemotherapy for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about chemotherapy

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