cavitation

noun
cav·​i·​ta·​tion | \ ˌka-və-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce cavitation (audio) \

Definition of cavitation

: the process of cavitating: such as
a : the formation of partial vacuums in a liquid by a swiftly moving solid body (such as a propeller) or by high-intensity sound waves also : the pitting and wearing away of solid surfaces (as of metal or concrete) as a result of the collapse of these vacuums in surrounding liquid
b : the formation of cavities in an organ or tissue especially in disease

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Examples of cavitation in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web More liquid prevents cavitation in a blender, that annoying phenomenon when an air pocket forms above the blade and keeps it from coming in contact with the food. Becky Krystal, Washington Post, "How to choose between food processors and blenders for your cooking projects," 7 Aug. 2020 Still, the process, called cavitation, could explain longer-range sound production as well, as Edward Farmer, a plant biologist at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland who wasn’t involved in the study, tells Vaughan. Katherine J. Wu, Smithsonian, "Plants May Let Out Ultrasonic Squeals When Stressed," 2 Dec. 2019 That hole in effect became a second bump in the concrete and spawned its own cycle of cavitation destruction. John D'anna, azcentral, "For a while in 1983, sheets of plywood were all that kept the mighty Glen Canyon Dam from overflowing," 18 July 2019 And that, in turn, created an even larger hole and more cavitation further down the tunnel. John D'anna, azcentral, "For a while in 1983, sheets of plywood were all that kept the mighty Glen Canyon Dam from overflowing," 18 July 2019 And that, in turn, created an even larger hole and more cavitation further down the tunnel. John D'anna, azcentral, "For a while in 1983, sheets of plywood were all that kept the mighty Glen Canyon Dam from overflowing," 18 July 2019 This, the researchers tell us, means that there is agreement between the cavitation model for joint popping and the experimental evidence. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Cavitation dilemma resolved in knuckle-cracking model," 5 Apr. 2018 The problem is that the cavitation occurs really fast. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Cavitation dilemma resolved in knuckle-cracking model," 5 Apr. 2018 Ninety minutes in the bath, set at a frequency of 40 kHz, gives the surface of each slice of potato micropockets made by cavitation bubbles, which create a maximally crispy exterior, post-frying. Bethany Jean Clement, Town & Country, "Quantum Kitchen," 1 Jan. 2012

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cavitation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cavitation

1895, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cavitation

cavity + -ation

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Time Traveler for cavitation

Time Traveler

The first known use of cavitation was in 1895

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Statistics for cavitation

Cite this Entry

“Cavitation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cavitation. Accessed 25 Nov. 2020.

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More Definitions for cavitation

cavitation

noun
cav·​i·​ta·​tion | \ ˌkav-ə-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce cavitation (audio) \

Medical Definition of cavitation

1 : the process of cavitating especially : the formation of cavities in an organ or tissue especially in disease
2 : a cavity formed by cavitation

Other Words from cavitation

cavitate \ ˈkav-​ə-​ˌtāt How to pronounce cavitate (audio) \ verb cavitated; cavitating

More from Merriam-Webster on cavitation

Britannica English: Translation of cavitation for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cavitation

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