cavitation

noun

cav·​i·​ta·​tion ˌka-və-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce cavitation (audio)
: the process of cavitating: such as
a
: the formation of partial vacuums in a liquid by a swiftly moving solid body (such as a propeller) or by high-intensity sound waves
also : the pitting and wearing away of solid surfaces (as of metal or concrete) as a result of the collapse of these vacuums in surrounding liquid
b
: the formation of cavities in an organ or tissue especially in disease

Examples of cavitation in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Trujillo and colleagues initially wondered if further breaking up coffee grounds through what’s known as acoustic cavitation might yield higher antioxidant levels. Andrew Paul, Popular Science, 8 May 2024 One intriguing technology listed involves detecting hydrogen released through cavitation bubbles. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 31 Aug. 2023 The amount of cavitation is related to the speed of the object. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 31 Aug. 2023 When ships go at higher speeds of around 18 knots, McGuire said propeller cavitation – when vapor bubbles form and dissolve, inhibiting performance and creating noise - is the predominant audible sound source. Nathan Diller, USA TODAY, 1 Aug. 2023 Because of these limitations, cavitation curtains are unlikely to be used in the near future. Carolyn Hagler, Smithsonian Magazine, 9 May 2023 Harrison and Patek found that even at millimeter-size scales, the juvenile snapping shrimp could snap their claws fast enough to produce cavitation and that those with larger claws could generate cavitation bubbles that lasted longer and traveled farther than shrimp with smaller claws. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 7 Mar. 2023 Experts aren't sure about the long-term effects of heated tissues or cavitation, especially when not medically indicated. Tricia O'Brien, Parents, 11 July 2023 The risk of cavitation can be minimized through proper design of the propeller or impeller, but there are trade-offs that can reduce overall ship performance and speed. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 2 June 2023

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'cavitation.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

cavity + -ation

First Known Use

1895, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of cavitation was in 1895

Dictionary Entries Near cavitation

Cite this Entry

“Cavitation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cavitation. Accessed 21 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition

cavitation

noun
cav·​i·​ta·​tion ˌkav-ə-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce cavitation (audio)
: the formation of partial vacuums in a liquid by a swiftly moving solid body (as a propeller) or by high-frequency sound waves

Medical Definition

cavitation

noun
cav·​i·​ta·​tion ˌkav-ə-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce cavitation (audio)
1
: the process of cavitating
especially : the formation of cavities in an organ or tissue especially in disease
2
: a cavity formed by cavitation
cavitate verb
cavitated; cavitating

More from Merriam-Webster on cavitation

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