caveola

noun
cav·​e·​o·​la | \ ˌka-vē-ˈō-lə How to pronounce caveola (audio) \
plural caveolae\ ˌka-​vē-​ˈō-​ˌlē How to pronounce caveolae (audio) \

Definition of caveola

: a flask-shaped invagination of a cell's plasma membrane that is involved especially in endocytosis by pinching off and forming vesicles in the cytoplasm

Other Words from caveola

caveolar \ ˌka-​vē-​ˈō-​lər How to pronounce caveolar (audio) \ adjective
… clearly of benefit to pathogens, caveolae-dependent endocytosis does not feed into the lysosome pathway and does not result in the degradation of the contents of caveolar vesicles. — Jeoung-Sook Shin and Soman N. Abraham

First Known Use of caveola

1955, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for caveola

borrowed from New Latin caveola intracellularis, literally, "intracellular pit"; caveola, going back to Medieval Latin, diminutive of Latin cavea "cage, enclosure" — more at cage entry 1

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The first known use of caveola was in 1955

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More Definitions for caveola

caveola

noun
cav·​e·​o·​la | \ ˌka-vē-ˈō-lə How to pronounce caveola (audio) \
plural caveolae\ -​ˌlē How to pronounce caveolae (audio) \

Medical Definition of caveola

: a flask-shaped invagination of the plasma membrane that is involved especially in endocytosis by pinching off and forming vesicles in the cytoplasm These findings suggest that the virions entered the cell and were transported to the nucleus through caveolae.— Tina Petrogiannis-Haliotis et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 25 Oct. 2001

Note: Caveolae are coated by proteins called caveolins and contain larger amounts of cholesterol and glycosphingolipids than the surrounding plasma membrane.

Other Words from caveola

caveolar \ -​lər How to pronounce caveolar (audio) \ adjective
caveolar vesicles

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