capitol

play
noun cap·i·tol \ ˈka-pə-tᵊl , ˈkap-tᵊl \

Definition of capitol

1 a :a building in which a state legislative body meets
  • the dome of the state capitol
b :a group of buildings in which the functions of state government are carried out
2 capitalized :the building in which the U.S. Congress meets at Washington

Examples of capitol in a Sentence

  1. the dome of the state capitol

  2. the legislators were called to the capitol for an emergency session

Recent Examples of capitol from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capitol.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

capital and capitol: Which One to Use Where

What a pair these are: they sound identical and look nearly identical and both have meanings that relate to government. Mastering their use, however, is simple.

The key is this: capitol, the one with an "o," is very limited in use. It appears in the term Capitol Hill, and is used to refer to one very particular and famous building, to some other similar buildings, and, occasionally, to a group of buildings that includes those similar buildings. For all other meanings, the word you want is capital.

This means that in a state's capital city is a building or group of buildings properly referred to with the word capitol, with an "o." In this use capitol is synonymous with statehouse: both refer to the building or group of buildings where a state legislature meets. The phrase capital city utilizes capital because it refers to a city, not to a building or group of buildings.

Capitol with a capital "C" refers to the particular building in Washington, D.C. where the U.S. Congress meets. It often appears before other nouns in phrases like the Capitol building and Capitol police, and is very frequently used in the term Capitol Hill, which refers both to the legislative branch of the United States government as well as to the location of the Capitol building. The Capitol, like many state capitol buildings, has a rounded dome that is somewhat reminiscent of the top of an "o," which may help some remember the "o" spelling. Note that the word capital as used to describe an uppercase letter, like in the phrase capital "C", utilizes capital.

The word capital has three distinct homographs, two for noun uses and one for adjective uses. Readers should consult those entries for the various meanings of capital, but can be assured that they all end in al, rather than ol.

Origin and Etymology of capitol

Latin Capitolium, temple of Jupiter at Rome on the Capitoline hill

capitol Synonyms

Synonyms
statehouse
Related Words
meetinghouse; chamber, hall; house, senate


CAPITOL Defined for English Language Learners

capitol

play
noun

Definition of capitol for English Language Learners

  • : the building in which the people who make the laws of a U.S. state meet

  • the Capitol : the building in which the U.S. Congress meets in Washington, D.C.


CAPITOL Defined for Kids

capitol

play
noun cap·i·tol \ ˈka-pə-tᵊl , ˈkap-tᵊl \

Definition of capitol for Students

1 :the building in which a state legislature meets
2 capitalized :the building in Washington, D.C., in which the United States Congress meets

History for capitol

The word capitol is pronounced the same as capital, and the two words seem to have linked meanings: the building called the Capitol is located in our nation's capital. Curiously, their origins are quite different, though both come from Latin. Capital is from capitalis, which means literally “of the head” and in later Latin came to mean “chief” or “principal.” Capitol is from the Capitolium, a hill at the center of ancient Rome that held a fortress and an important temple to the god Jupiter.



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