Definition of capitol
1a : a building in which a state legislative body meets the dome of the state capitolb : a group of buildings in which the functions of state government are carried out
2 capitalized : the building in which the U.S. Congress meets at Washington
Examples of capitol in a Sentence
the dome of the state capitol
the legislators were called to the capitol for an emergency session
Recent Examples of capitol from the Web
National capitol State capitol Primary city Secondary city Geo feature Geo feature COUNTRY/STATE/CITY SAN DIEGO CO.
Hundreds of people filled the capitol in Austin, Texas, in protest of SB 4 which bans sanctuary cities in the state.
Protests erupted in the Texas capitol building on Monday over Gov. Greg Abbott’s new law cracking down on ‘
When presented with the once-in-a-lifetime opportunity during their Capitol tour to take a picture with Paul Ryan, though, a whole lot of these patriotic youngsters responded by basically telling the sitting Speaker of the House to shove it.
The Board of Supervisors acted last month following intense lobbying by Segway in state capitols to change laws to permit the two-wheeled vehicles on sidewalks.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capitol'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
capital and capitol: Which One to Use Where
What a pair these are: they sound identical and look nearly identical and both have meanings that relate to government. Mastering their use, however, is simple.
The key is this: capitol, the one with an "o," is very limited in use. It appears in the term Capitol Hill, and is used to refer to one very particular and famous building, to some other similar buildings, and, occasionally, to a group of buildings that includes those similar buildings. For all other meanings, the word you want is capital.
This means that in a state's capital city is a building or group of buildings properly referred to with the word capitol, with an "o." In this use capitol is synonymous with statehouse: both refer to the building or group of buildings where a state legislature meets. The phrase capital city utilizes capital because it refers to a city, not to a building or group of buildings.
Capitol with a capital "C" refers to the particular building in Washington, D.C. where the U.S. Congress meets. It often appears before other nouns in phrases like the Capitol building and Capitol police, and is very frequently used in the term Capitol Hill, which refers both to the legislative branch of the United States government as well as to the location of the Capitol building. The Capitol, like many state capitol buildings, has a rounded dome that is somewhat reminiscent of the top of an "o," which may help some remember the "o" spelling. Note that the word capital as used to describe an uppercase letter, like in the phrase capital "C", utilizes capital.
The word capital has three distinct homographs, two for noun uses and one for adjective uses. Readers should consult those entries for the various meanings of capital, but can be assured that they all end in al, rather than ol.
Origin and Etymology of capitol
Latin Capitolium, temple of Jupiter at Rome on the Capitoline hill
First Known Use: 1679
CAPITOL Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of capitol for English Language Learners
: the building in which the people who make the laws of a U.S. state meet
the Capitol : the building in which the U.S. Congress meets in Washington, D.C.
CAPITOL Defined for Kids
Definition of capitol for Students
1 : the building in which a state legislature meets
2 cap : the building in Washington, D.C., in which the United States Congress meets
History for capitol
The word capitol is pronounced the same as capital, and the two words seem to have linked meanings: the building called the Capitol is located in our nation's capital. Curiously, their origins are quite different, though both come from Latin. Capital is from capitalis, which means literally “of the head” and in later Latin came to mean “chief” or “principal.” Capitol is from the Capitolium, a hill at the center of ancient Rome that held a fortress and an important temple to the god Jupiter.
Seen and Heard
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