caliper

noun
cal·​i·​per | \ ˈka-lə-pər How to pronounce caliper (audio) \

Definition of caliper

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : any of various measuring instruments having two usually adjustable arms, legs, or jaws used especially to measure diameter or thickness usually used in plural a pair of calipers
b : a device for pressing a frictional material (such as a brake pad) against the sides of a rotating wheel or disc
2 : thickness especially of paper, cardboard, or a tree

caliper

verb
calipered; calipering\ ˈka-​lə-​p(ə-​)riŋ How to pronounce caliper (audio) \

Definition of caliper (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to measure by or as if by calipers

Illustration of caliper

Illustration of caliper

Noun

caliper 1a

In the meaning defined above

Examples of caliper in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Use the flashlight to inspect the inside of the caliper. Joe Lindsey, Outside Online, 3 June 2020 Carefully press each pad back into the caliper body to re-seat the pistons. Joe Lindsey, Outside Online, 3 June 2020 Tesla is recalling just under 6000 Model 3 sedans and Model Y crossovers for loose brake caliper bolts that might disassemble and cause low tire pressures. Connor Hoffman, Car and Driver, 3 June 2021 Smith says his team soon found that using a hand caliper to measure the seam height of soft cotton wasn’t precise enough. Tim Newcomb, Popular Mechanics, 12 Apr. 2022 The grant will include the installation of 400, one-gallon container native shrubs and plants; 300, three-gallon container native shrubs and plants; and 15, one-and-a-half-inch caliper trees. cleveland, 18 Mar. 2022 Johnson and Thomas are coming off all-conference caliper-type seasons, so replacing them won’t be easy. Matt Murschel, orlandosentinel.com, 25 Feb. 2022 A single 300mm front brake disc is backed up by another 300mm rotor out back, with the front getting four pucks in the caliper and the rear just two. Bill Roberson, Forbes, 28 Dec. 2021 Chevrolet also now offers more customization options than before, in terms of interior, brake-caliper paint, and, yes, even seatbelt colors. Dave Vanderwerp, Car and Driver, 17 Nov. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Standard Tornado Red calipers signal to the 99.999999 percent that this is indeed the V-8 trim. Tony Markovich, Car and Driver, 12 Jan. 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'caliper.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of caliper

Noun

1581, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1793, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for caliper

Noun

alteration of caliber

Buying Guide

Our Reviews team has selected the best commuter bikes.

Learn More About caliper

Time Traveler for caliper

Time Traveler

The first known use of caliper was in 1581

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near caliper

calipee

caliper

caliper compass

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for caliper

Last Updated

9 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Caliper.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/caliper. Accessed 1 Jul. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for caliper

caliper

noun
cal·​i·​per | \ ˈka-lə-pər How to pronounce caliper (audio) \

Kids Definition of caliper

: an instrument with two adjustable legs used to measure the thickness of objects or the distance between surfaces usually used in pl. a pair of calipers

caliper

noun
cal·​i·​per
variants: or chiefly British calliper \ ˈkal-​ə-​pər How to pronounce caliper (audio) \

Medical Definition of caliper

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : any of various measuring instruments having two usually adjustable arms, legs, or jaws used to measure thickness, diameter, and distance between surfaces usually used in plural a pair of calipers

caliper

transitive verb
variants: or chiefly British calliper
calipered; calipering\ -​p(ə-​)riŋ How to pronounce caliper (audio) \

Medical Definition of caliper (Entry 2 of 2)

: to measure by or as if by calipers

More from Merriam-Webster on caliper

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for caliper

Britannica English: Translation of caliper for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about caliper

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Great Words for Scrabble

  • scrabble tiles that read scrabble quiz
  • Which of the following Q-without-U words means the number five in cards or dice?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!