cadence

noun

ca·​dence ˈkā-dᵊn(t)s How to pronounce cadence (audio)
plural cadences
1
a
: the beat, time, or measure of rhythmical motion or activity
The drill sergeant counted cadence.
the steady cadence of the drums
b
: a rhythmic sequence or flow of sounds in language
the grand cadence of his poetry
c
: a regular and repeated pattern of activity
In addition to our weekly cadence, we take a step back once a quarter to think about our platform a little more strategically. David Vandegrift
To meet its cadence of a launch every other week, SpaceX must build at least two of these each month. Eric Berger
Then in the evening, it's off to the boxing gym or a sparring session for two to three more hours. In recent years, she's kept a cadence of two to four fights annually, her last being a loss for the WBC light middleweight world title in Poland in September. Deanna Cioppa
2
a
: a falling inflection of the voice
b
: a concluding and usually falling strain
specifically : a musical chord sequence moving to a harmonic close or point of rest and giving the sense of harmonic completion
3
: the modulated and rhythmic recurrence of a sound especially in nature
cadenced adjective
cadential adjective

Did you know?

Cadence and Music

A cadence is a rhythm, or a flow of words or music, in a sequence that is regular (or steady as it were). But lest we be mistaken, cadence also lends its meaning to the sounds of Mother Nature (such as birdsong) to be sure. Cadence comes from Middle English borrowed from Medieval Latin’s own cadentia, a lovely word that means “rhythm in verse.” (You may also recognize a cadence cousin, sweet cadenza, as a word that is familiar in the opera universe.) And from there our cadence traces just a little further backward to the Latin verb cadere “to sound rhythmically, to fall.” Praise the rising and the falling of the lilting in our language, whether singing songs or rhyming or opining on it all.

Did you know?

Cadence in the Military

Cadence can refer to any rhythmic sequence of words or sound, but in military contexts, the word has a particular meaning, referring to the rhythmic chants sung by soldiers in marching formation.

These chants can often help keep marchers in line with the rhythm of the march:

Early each morning we were assembled for drill, marching to the cadence of a full-throated Marine sergeant who had little use for us; what he knew for sure about us was that we would be of little value in any hand-to-hand fight.
Lewis Thomas, in Authors at Sea, 1997

Example Sentences

the steady cadence of the drums Oars moved back and forth in smooth cadence. He speaks with a soft Southern cadence.
Recent Examples on the Web Louis is the main narrator but his voice, his cadence, switches up so much. Helena Andrews-dyer, Washington Post, 14 Nov. 2022 Along with a general resemblance, Wood nails Madonna’s craftily arched eyebrow and, most notably, her unique cadence. Melissa Ruggieri, USA TODAY, 4 Nov. 2022 How to use: Shampoo and condition at your typical cadence, ensuring to massage the scalp with fingers for 60 seconds to help the product absorb into your scalp. Kiana Murden, Vogue, 22 Sep. 2022 With flu pandemics, the transition into the post-pandemic period is deemed to have occurred when flu activity resumes its normal cadence. Helen Branswell, STAT, 21 Sep. 2022 The adults have been in England for years, most of them, and speak with a variety of London-area accents, but a cadence of elsewhere is unmistakable. Cullen Murphy, The Atlantic, 15 June 2022 The most common cadence for executive coaching engagements is two one-on-one sessions per month. Antonia Bowring, Forbes, 6 Oct. 2021 Remarkably, this was SpaceX's 50th launch of this year, for a cadence of one orbital launch every 6.08 days. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, 1 Nov. 2022 Now more than ever, customers and potential investors need to see a cadence of content, updates and thought leadership from your brand. Heather Kelly, Forbes, 17 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cadence.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English, "rhythm of prose or verse, rhetorical periods," borrowed from Medieval Latin cadentia "rhythm in verse," noun derivative (formally feminine singular from neuter plural) of Latin cadent-, cadens, present participle of cadere "to fall, sound rhythmically, end, terminate (of words or clauses)" — more at chance entry 1

Note: Since at least the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (1888), this word has been attributed to Italian, either directly or through French. However, attestations of French cadence and Italian cadenza are significantly later than the first occurrences of cadence in Middle English (ca. 1390) and early Scots (ca. 1420). (The word also occurs in Chaucer's House of Fame, composed ca. 1380 and attested earliest in a manuscript of ca. 1450.) In Medieval Latin cadentia appears in the approximate sense "verse rhythm" (pedum cadentia) in John of Garland's Parisiana poetria (composed ca. 1234).

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

Time Traveler
The first known use of cadence was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near cadence

Cite this Entry

“Cadence.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cadence. Accessed 8 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

cadence

noun
ca·​dence ˈkād-ᵊn(t)s How to pronounce cadence (audio)
1
a
: rhythmic flow of sounds : the beat of rhythmic motion or activity
2
: a melodic or rhythmic pattern that serves as the close of a musical phrase or composition
cadenced adjective

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