1

burn

noun \ ˈbərn \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of burn

British
:creek 2

Origin and Etymology of burn

Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German brunno spring of water


2

burn

verb \ ˈbərn \

Definition of burn

burned play \ˈbərnd, ˈbərnt\ or burnt play \ˈbərnt\; burning
intransitive verb
1 a :to consume fuel and give off heat, light, and gases
  • a small fire burns on the hearth
b :to undergo combustion; also :to undergo nuclear fission or nuclear fusion
c :to contain a fire
  • a little stove burning in the corner
d :to give off light :shine, glow
  • a light burning in the window
2 a :to be hot
  • the burning sand
b :to produce or undergo discomfort or pain
  • ears burning from the cold
c :to become emotionally excited or agitated: such as
(1) :to yearn ardently
  • burning to tell the story
(2) :to be or become very angry or disgusted
  • the remark made him burn
3 a :to undergo alteration or destruction by the action of fire or heat
  • the house burned down
  • the potatoes burned to a crisp
b :to die in the electric chair
4 :to force or make a way by or as if by burning
  • her words burned into his heart
5 :to suffer sunburn
  • she burns easily
transitive verb
1 a :to cause to undergo combustion; especially :to destroy by fire
  • burned the trash
b :to use as fuel
  • this furnace burns gas
c :to use up :consume
  • burn calories
2 a :to transform by exposure to heat or fire
  • burn clay to bricks
b :to produce by burning
  • burned a hole in his sleeve
c :to record digital data or music on (an optical disk) using a laser
  • burn a CD
; also :to record (data or music) in this way
  • burn songs onto a disk
3 a :to injure or damage by or as if by exposure to fire, heat, or radiation :scorch
  • burned his hand
b :to execute by burning
  • burned heretics at the stake
; also :electrocute
4 a :irritate, annoy often used with up
  • really burns me up
b :to subject to misfortune, mistreatment, or deception often used in passive
  • has been burned in love
c :to beat or score on
  • burned the defense with a touchdown pass

burnable

play \ˈbər-nə-bəl\ adjective
burn one's bridges or less commonly burn one's boats
:to cut off all means of retreat
burn one's ears
:to rebuke strongly
burn the candle at both ends
:to use one's resources or energies to excess
burn the midnight oil
:to work or study far into the night

Examples of burn in a Sentence

  1. A flame is kept constantly burning at the monument.

  2. A small fire burned brightly in the fireplace.

  3. There was a little stove burning in the front room.

  4. I could smell smoke and knew that something was burning.

  5. Be sure not to leave any candles burning when you go to bed.

  6. I burned the letter when I had finished reading it.

  7. The new town law makes it illegal to burn trash.

  8. The wildfire has burned acres of forest.

  9. Parts of the house were badly burned in the fire.

  10. a material that burns easily

Origin and Etymology of burn

Middle English birnen, from Old English byrnan, intransitive verb, bærnan, transitive verb; akin to Old High German brinnan to burn


3

burn

noun

Definition of burn

1 :an act, process, instance, or result of burning: such as
a :injury or damage resulting from exposure to fire, heat, caustics, electricity, or certain radiations
b :a burned area
  • a burn on the tabletop
c :an abrasion (as of the skin) having the appearance of a burn
  • rope burns
d :a burning sensation
  • the burn of iodine on a cut
2 :the firing of a rocket engine in flight
3 :anger; especially :increasing fury used chiefly in the phrase slow burn

First Known Use of burn

1594


BURN Defined for English Language Learners

burn

verb

Definition of burn for English Language Learners

  • of a fire or flame : to give off heat, light, and gases

  • : to contain a fire

  • : to be on fire : to have or produce a flame


BURN Defined for Kids

1

burn

verb \ ˈbərn \

Definition of burn for Students

burned \ˈbərnd\ or burnt \ˈbərnt\; burning
1 :to be on fire or to set on fire
  • a candle burning
2 :to destroy or be destroyed by fire or heat
  • The building burned to the ground.
3 :to make or produce by fire or heat
  • Sparks burned a hole in my shirt.
4 :to give light
  • lanterns burning
5 :to injure or affect by or as if by fire or heat
  • I burned my finger.
  • The hot peppers burned my throat.
6 :to ruin by cooking too long or with too much heat
7 :to feel or cause to feel as if on fire
  • burning with fever
8 :to feel a strong emotion
  • burn with anger
9 :to record music or data on a computer disk
  • burn a CD
10 :to get a sunburn

2

burn

noun

Definition of burn for Students

:an injury produced by burning or by something rubbing away the skin
  • a rope burn

Medical Dictionary

1

burn

verb \ ˈbərn \

medical Definition of burn

burned play \ˈbərnd, ˈbərnt\ or burnt play \ˈbərnt\; burning
intransitive verb
1 :to produce or undergo discomfort or pain
  • iodine burns so
  • ears burning from the cold
2 :to become reddened or irritated by or as if by exposure to sun or wind
  • she burns easily
transitive verb
1 :to injure or damage by exposure to fire, heat, or radiation
  • burned his hand
2 :to break down and use as a source of energy
  • burn calories during exercise

2

burn

noun

medical Definition of burn

1 :bodily injury resulting from exposure to heat, caustics, electricity, or some radiations, marked by varying degrees of skin destruction and hyperemia often with the formation of watery blisters and in severe cases by charring of the tissues, and classified according to the extent and degree of the injury — see first-degree burn, second-degree burn, third-degree burn
2 :an abrasion having the appearance of a burn
  • friction burns
  • cold burn
3 :a burning sensation
  • the burn of iodine applied to a cut


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