Definition of banlieue
: the outlying residential area of a city : environs —often used in plural trainload after trainload of young men and women from the banlieue was disgorged into the capital — Max Beerbohm from the location of all these puppet theaters in the banlieues of town it is evident that they were the resorts … of common people — Paul McPharlin
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Origin and Etymology of banlieue
French banlieue, from Old French, from ban summoning of the king's vassals, tribute, ban + lieue league, from Late Latin leuca
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