autosomal

adjective

au·​to·​so·​mal ˌȯ-tə-ˈsō-məl How to pronounce autosomal (audio)
: of, belonging to, located on, or transmitted by an autosome
autosomal genes/inheritance
autosomal dominant/recessive disorders
… a genetic disorder that is passed down in autosomal recessive fashion—in other words, you have to inherit an abnormal gene from each parent for the trait to appear.Terrence Monmaney
autosomally adverb
an autosomally recessive condition

Examples of autosomal in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Researchers were searching for the genetic markers of chromosomal mutations, including Down syndrome and a more rare variation known as Edwards syndrome, found on autosomal DNA. Irene Wright, Miami Herald, 20 Feb. 2024 The research team used a type of statistical analysis, known as the Bayesian approach, to test the autosomal DNA of 9,855 remains spanning millennia across Earth, the study said. Irene Wright, Miami Herald, 20 Feb. 2024 However, around 60% of the gene mutations that result in TCS from autosomal dominant inheritance occur in individuals without a family history of the condition. Amanda MacMillan, Health, 9 Aug. 2023 Seizures or epilepsy in the frontal lobe can be caused by stroke, infection or traumatic injuries — or can be inherited in a condition called autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy. Allison Futterman, Discover Magazine, 28 Jan. 2022 The preponderance of European ancestry, in relation to native and African ancestry, seems rather clear on the autosomal genome. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 12 May 2010 In terms of autosomal DNA, the Iceman clearly clusters with modern Sardinians, and also appears slightly more removed than them compared to continental Europeans. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 29 Feb. 2012 The second paper uses a SNP-chip; hundreds of thousands of autosomal markers. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 9 Dec. 2012 These proportions are both higher than anything in the autosomal DNA. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 25 Feb. 2012

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'autosomal.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

autosome + -al entry 1

First Known Use

1911, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of autosomal was in 1911

Dictionary Entries Near autosomal

Cite this Entry

“Autosomal.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/autosomal. Accessed 22 Jun. 2024.

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