au·​to·​so·​mal ˌȯ-tə-ˈsō-məl How to pronounce autosomal (audio)
: of, belonging to, located on, or transmitted by an autosome
autosomal genes/inheritance
autosomal dominant/recessive disorders
… a genetic disorder that is passed down in autosomal recessive fashion—in other words, you have to inherit an abnormal gene from each parent for the trait to appear.Terrence Monmaney
autosomally adverb
an autosomally recessive condition

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web The preponderance of European ancestry, in relation to native and African ancestry, seems rather clear on the autosomal genome. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 12 May 2010 In terms of autosomal DNA, the Iceman clearly clusters with modern Sardinians, and also appears slightly more removed than them compared to continental Europeans. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 29 Feb. 2012 The second paper uses a SNP-chip; hundreds of thousands of autosomal markers. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 9 Dec. 2012 These proportions are both higher than anything in the autosomal DNA. Razib Khan, Discover Magazine, 25 Feb. 2012 Additionally, scientists from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System used mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), Y chromosome DNA (Y-STR), and autosomal DNA (auSTR) analysis. Sarah Rumpf, Fox News, 9 July 2022 Experts from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System also employed mitochondrial DNA and autosomal DNA analysis. Sig Christenson, San Antonio Express-News, 23 May 2022 That meant this form of kidney disease — autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease-MUC1, or ADTKD-MUC1 — was a toxic proteinopathy. Isabella Cueto, STAT, 2 May 2022 From there, Othram generated a data file containing her autosomal DNA, the genetic material that is shared among families. New York Times, 27 Mar. 2022 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'autosomal.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


autosome + -al entry 1

First Known Use

1911, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of autosomal was in 1911

Dictionary Entries Near autosomal

Cite this Entry

“Autosomal.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 29 May. 2023.

More from Merriam-Webster on autosomal

Last Updated: - Definition revised
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