: in accordance with : according to
as per your instructions
as per usual
: in the accustomed or habitual way : as usual
As per usual I tried to see into Myra's mind and as per usual I got nowhere at all.Gore Vidal

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Is It Grammatically Correct to Say as per?

Many wonder whether the as in as per is superfluous. Wouldn’t the phrase “per your instructions” mean much the same thing as “as per your instructions?” In that case, would it be incorrect to insert the extra word?

The fact is that both per and as per have existed in English in the sense “according to” for a very long time–since the 15th and 16th centuries, respectively. The choice of which to use (or avoid) is entirely a matter of taste. The more ponderous as per is often found in business and legal prose, or in writing that attempts to adopt a formal tone. It is not incorrect to use, but some find it overly legalistic and counsel avoiding it for that reason. On the other hand, it has been used to good effect in facetious mock-business-English (“as per the President’s shiny new Environmental Policy Act”). As in so many matters of diction, the tonal needs of a particular passage should guide your choice.

Examples of as per in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Anyway — lots of progress, lots of pain, as per usual. Sammy Roth, Los Angeles Times, 11 June 2024 Thankfully, as per usual, Amazon has delivered high-quality options for a wide range of budgets. Merrell Readman, Travel + Leisure, 29 May 2024 On previous occasions, Netanyahu was invited to address Congress in consultation with, and with the approval of, the White House—as per protocol. Lisa Goldman, Foreign Affairs, 1 Mar. 2015 In late 2023, WBD USH delivered a standout performance, reporting a 40% surge in prime-time viewers aged 25 to 54, as per Nielsen. Anna Marie De La Fuente, Variety, 14 May 2024 However, across the country the #1 issue as per the NSBA is the mental health of our students and staff. Baltimore Sun Media, Baltimore Sun, 11 Apr. 2024 Elections will probably be held within 50 days, as per the constitution. Arsalan Shahla, Fortune, 20 May 2024 Ventura stands to gain little from the release, as per Shapiro's analysis. Samira Asma-Sadeque, Peoplemag, 17 May 2024 McCready, as per usual, was worth the price of admission on his own merit, burning through some of the hottest guitar leads one will find in all of rock. Jim Harrington, The Mercury News, 14 May 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'as per.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1569, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of as per was in 1569

Dictionary Entries Near as per

Cite this Entry

“As per.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/as%20per. Accessed 22 Jun. 2024.

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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