ar·​yl | \ ˈa-rəl How to pronounce aryl (audio) , ˈer-əl \

Definition of aryl

: having or being a monovalent organic radical (such as phenyl) derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon by the removal of one hydrogen atom often used in combination

First Known Use of aryl

1899, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for aryl

borrowed from German Arryl, from aromatisch aromatic entry 1 + -yl -yl

Note: The term was introduced by the German chemist Daniel Vorländer (1867-1941) in "Alkyl, Alphyl und Arryl," Journal für praktische Chemie, Band 167 (Neue Folge Band 59) (1899), pp. 247-48. The motivation for the doubled -r- is unclear, but in any case one r was soon dropped in both German and English.

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Cite this Entry

“Aryl.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aryl. Accessed 16 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for aryl

aryl

noun
ar·​yl | \ ˈar-əl How to pronounce aryl (audio) \

Medical Definition of aryl

: a radical (as phenyl) derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon by the removal of one hydrogen atom

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