arithmetic

play
noun arith·me·tic \ə-ˈrith-mə-ˌtik\

Definition of arithmetic

  1. 1a :  a branch of mathematics that deals usually with the nonnegative real numbers including sometimes the transfinite cardinals and with the application of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to themb :  a treatise on arithmetic

  2. 2 :  computation, calculation

arithmetic

play \ˌer-ith-ˈme-tik, ˌa-rith\ or

arithmetical

play \-ti-kəl\ adjective

arithmetically

play \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

arithmetician

play \ə-ˌrith-mə-ˈti-shən\ noun

Examples of arithmetic in a Sentence

  1. a software program that will do the arithmetic for you

  2. I haven't actually done the arithmetic yet, but I suspect we're losing money on the deal.

Origin and Etymology of arithmetic

Middle English arsmetrik, from Anglo-French arismatike, from Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmētikē, from feminine of arithmētikos arithmetical, from arithmein to count, from arithmos number; akin to Old English rīm number, and perhaps to Greek arariskein to fit


First Known Use: 15th century

Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms


ARITHMETIC Defined for English Language Learners

arithmetic

play
noun arith·me·tic \ə-ˈrith-mə-ˌtik\

Definition of arithmetic for English Language Learners

  • : a branch of mathematics that deals with numbers and their addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

  • : the act or process of calculating a number


ARITHMETIC Defined for Kids

arithmetic

play
noun arith·me·tic \ə-ˈrith-mə-ˌtik\

Definition of arithmetic for Students

  1. 1 :  a science that deals with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers

  2. 2 :  an act or method of adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing

arithmetic

\ˌer-ith-ˈme-tik\ or

arithmetical

\-ti-kəl\ adjective


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