anthropology

play
noun an·thro·pol·o·gy \ˌan(t)-thrə-ˈpä-lə-jē\

Definition of anthropology

  1. 1 :  the science of human beings; especially :  the study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture

  2. 2 :  theology dealing with the origin, nature, and destiny of human beings

anthropological

play \-pə-ˈlä-ji-kəl\ adjective

anthropologically

play \-ji-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

anthropologist

play \ˌan(t)-thrə-ˈpä-lə-jist\ noun

The Origin of anthropology

The word anthropology dates back to the late 16th century, but it was not until the 19th century that it was applied to the academic discipline that now bears its name. In the United States, this field of study is typically divided into four distinct branches: physical (or biological) anthropology, archaeology, cultural (or social) anthropology, and linguistic anthropology.

Anthropology is from the New Latin word anthropologia (“the study of humanity”) and shares its ultimate root in Greek, anthrōpos (“human being”), with a number of other words in English, such as anthropomorphize, philanthropy, and misanthrope.

Origin and Etymology of anthropology

New Latin anthropologia, from anthrop- + -logia -logy


First Known Use: 1593

Other Anthropology Terms


ANTHROPOLOGY Defined for English Language Learners

anthropology

play
noun an·thro·pol·o·gy \ˌan(t)-thrə-ˈpä-lə-jē\

Definition of anthropology for English Language Learners

  • : the study of human races, origins, societies, and cultures


ANTHROPOLOGY Defined for Kids

anthropology

play
noun an·thro·pol·o·gy \ˌan-thrə-ˈpä-lə-jē\

Definition of anthropology for Students

  1. :  a science that studies people and especially their history, development, distribution and culture


Medical Dictionary

anthropology

play
noun an·thro·pol·o·gy \ˌan(t)-thrə-ˈpäl-ə-jē\

Medical Definition of anthropology

plural

anthropologies

  1. :  the science of humans; especially :  the study of humans in relation to distribution, origin, classification, and relationship of races, physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture

anthropological

\-pə-ˈläj-i-kəl\play adjective

anthropologically

\-i-k(ə-)lē\play adverb

anthropologist

\ˌan(t)-thrə-ˈpäl-ə-jəst\play noun


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