an·​nu·​al | \ ˈan-yə(-wə)l How to pronounce annual (audio) , -yü-əl \

Definition of annual

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : covering the period of a year annual rainfall annual income
2 : occurring or happening every year or once a year : yearly an annual reunion an annual physical checkup
3 : completing the life cycle in one growing season or single year annual plants



Definition of annual (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an event that occurs yearly
2 : a publication appearing yearly the high-school annual
3 : something that lasts one year or season specifically : a plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season

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Examples of annual in a Sentence

Adjective The annual meeting is in July. The company's earnings for last year are published in the annual report. We had more snow this year than the average annual amount. The company charges an annual fee of $45. Noun We planted some annuals in front of the house.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The fires, fueled by drought and the country’s hottest and driest year on record, have been raging since September, months earlier than is typical for Australia’s annual wildfire season. NBC News, "Australian crews race to contain blazes ahead of heat wave later this week," 7 Jan. 2020 So far, Trump’s new tariffs amount to an $88 billion annual tax increase for U.S. companies, according to the Tax Foundation. Lydia Depillis, ProPublica, "How Trump’s Trade War Is Making Lobbyists Rich And Slamming Small Businesses," 6 Jan. 2020 Last October, Jackson and former Bengals head coach Marvin Lewis were announced as the head coaches for the ninth annual NFLPA Collegiate Bowl to take place Jan. 18 at the Rose Bowl. Dave Clark,, "Marvin Lewis to NFL teams, per reports: If hired, Hue Jackson is offensive coordinator," 6 Jan. 2020 Billy Porter is no stranger to red carpet magic, and his getup for tonight’s 77th annual Golden Globes — an all-white suit with a glorious feathered train — might be our favourite yet. Jenna Igneri,, "Billy Porter’s Golden Globes Look Was Heaven-Sent," 6 Jan. 2020 Pitt went on to win best supporting actor in a motion picture at the annual Hollywood Foreign Press event, and Aniston was nominated for her role in The Morning Show. Ashley Boucher,, "Brad Pitt Calls Ex Jennifer Aniston a 'Good Friend' on Golden Globes Red Carpet," 6 Jan. 2020 Previous SlideNext Slide The transformation of the annual Consumer Electronics Show into an increasingly automotive-heavy trade show continues apace, particularly with electric vehicle startups like Byton. Jonathan M. Gitlin, Ars Technica, "Byton is putting a 48-inch screen in its new EV, and it has content, too," 6 Jan. 2020 The 2020 Kentucky Derby Festival kicks off Saturday, April 18, with the annual air show and fireworks extravaganza known as Thunder Over Louisville. Kirby Adams, The Courier-Journal, "Beauty, style and grace. Meet the 2020 Kentucky Derby Festival Royal Court," 6 Jan. 2020 Eli Manning will receive the award on Feb. 1, the day before Super Bowl LIV, at the 33rd annual Super Bowl Breakfast. Mark Inabinett |, al, "Listen as Cherry Starr talks to Bart Starr Award winner Eli Manning," 5 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The big exception to tropical derivation are annuals and vegetables. Jeff Lowenfels, Anchorage Daily News, "It’s time for indoor plants. That means it’s time for indoor plant lights.," 24 Oct. 2019 Riley explained that one of the annuals, Love-in-a-Mist, is an unusual flower that comes back by itself. Joan Hunt,, "Webb House Garden The Centerpiece Of CT Garden Tour," 27 June 2019 Plant winter annuals such as snapdragons, stocks, dianthus, petunias, ornamental kale and calendula in full sun now for winter color. Calvin Finch,, "Now is the time to plant shade trees in your San Antonio garden," 24 Oct. 2019 So Merda began weeding and planting beds with a lively assortment of pink, purple, red and gold annuals and perennials. Roxanne Washington, cleveland, "St. Augustine garden club makes assisted living grounds bloom," 11 Oct. 2019 The nursery annually sells about 30,000 plants, including vegetables, herbs, California native plants, a vast array of annuals and perennial flowering plants, as well as trees and shrubs. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Cuyamaca College preparing to expand Ornamental Horticulture area," 19 Aug. 2019 In the spring, apply the pre-emergents for crabgrass, grassburs and other summer grassy annuals about two weeks prior to the average date of your last killing freeze for your part of the state, with a follow-up treatment 90 days later. Neil Sperry,, "Star jasmine death mystery: could it be the roots?," 6 Sep. 2019 Also, tulips prefer a dry bed during their summer dormancy, so plant them with other perennials and annuals to help them from getting too wet. Arricca Elin Sansone, House Beautiful, "How to Plant Tulips and Get Them to Thrive," 25 July 2019 As with many annuals, removing the flower heads can encourage basil plants to produce additional shoots. Tom Maccubbin,, "Let healthy cherry tomato plants continue to produce," 24 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'annual.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of annual


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for annual

Adjective and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French annuel, from Late Latin annualis, blend of Latin annuus yearly (from annus year) and Latin annalis yearly (from annus year); probably akin to Goth athnam (dative plural) years, Sanskrit atati he walks, goes

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Time Traveler for annual

Time Traveler

The first known use of annual was in the 14th century

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Statistics for annual

Last Updated

11 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Annual.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 21 January 2020.

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More Definitions for annual


How to pronounce annual (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of annual

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: happening once a year
: covering the period of a year
of a plant : living for only one year or season : having a life cycle that is one year or season long



English Language Learners Definition of annual (Entry 2 of 2)

: a plant that lives for only one year or season
: a book or magazine that is published once a year


an·​nu·​al | \ ˈan-yə-wəl How to pronounce annual (audio) \

Kids Definition of annual

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : coming, happening, done, made, or given once a year The library holds an annual book sale.
2 : completing the life cycle in one growing season annual plants

Other Words from annual

annually adverb She visits her aunt annually.



Kids Definition of annual (Entry 2 of 2)

: an annual plant

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Comments on annual

What made you want to look up annual? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


good-natured easy friendliness

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