agonist

noun
ag·​o·​nist | \ ˈa-gə-nist How to pronounce agonist (audio) \

Definition of agonist

1 : one that is engaged in a struggle
2 [from antagonist]
a : a muscle that is controlled by the action of an antagonist with which it is paired
b : a chemical substance capable of combining with a specific receptor on a cell and initiating the same reaction or activity typically produced by the binding endogenous substance dopaminergic agonists — compare antagonist sense 2b

Examples of agonist in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web On Friday, June 4th, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Novo Nordisk’s obesity drug Wegovy (semaglutide), a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, to be injected subcutaneously once-weekly. Joshua Cohen, Forbes, 5 June 2021 Her method is based on a sister surgery called the AMI method, invented at the MIT Media Lab, which reconnects agonist and antagonist muscles in amputees. Globe Staff, BostonGlobe.com, 15 Feb. 2021 Medical treatments can include hormonal therapy delivered via a combination birth control pill, patch or ring; or a progesterone-only pill, injection, implant or I.U.D.; as well as drugs called GnRH agonists and antagonists. Katherine Hobson, New York Times, 18 Apr. 2020 Other types of drugs — such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists — can shrink tumors by decreasing the hormone producing activity of your ovaries, lowering your estrogen levels. Hilda Hutcherson, New York Times, 17 Apr. 2020 Throughout treatment, participants are actively discouraged, if not outright banned from, using opioid agonists that could aid their recovery. Emma Yasinski, chicagotribune.com, 30 Sep. 2019 Wait until the hirsute, halting ant-agonists actually appear. Elizabeth Horkley, Quartz, 30 Oct. 2019 That is a remarkable achievement, but not one that inspires the kind of hero-worship that accompanies larger-than-life founders and agonists on the model of Steve Jobs. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, 15 Oct. 2019 The drugs used can include luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, which work to turn off the ovaries’ production of estrogen (this hormone can stoke cancer development). Korin Miller, SELF, 13 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'agonist.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of agonist

1658, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for agonist

borrowed from Late Latin agōnista, borrowed from Greek agōnistḗs, from agōnízesthai "to contend, fight" + -istēs -ist entry 1 — more at agonize

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About agonist

Time Traveler for agonist

Time Traveler

The first known use of agonist was in 1658

See more words from the same year

Statistics for agonist

Last Updated

14 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Agonist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/agonist. Accessed 22 Jun. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for agonist

agonist

noun
ag·​o·​nist | \ ˈag-ə-nəst How to pronounce agonist (audio) \

Medical Definition of agonist

1 : a muscle that on contracting is automatically checked and controlled by the opposing simultaneous contraction of another muscle

called also agonist muscle, prime mover

— compare antagonist sense a, synergist sense 2
2 : a chemical substance (as a drug) capable of combining with a receptor on a cell and initiating the same reaction or activity typically produced by the binding of an endogenous substance binding of adrenergic agonists — compare antagonist sense b

More from Merriam-Webster on agonist

Nglish: Translation of agonist for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about agonist

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Return of Name that Color!

  • a light greenish blue color
  • Name that color:
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
 AlphaBear 2

Spell words. Make bears.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!