15th century, in the meaning defined above
Middle English adversatyf, borrowed from Late Latin adversātīvus, from Latin adversātus, past participle of adversārī "to act contrary to, oppose" (derivative of adversus adverse) + -īvus -ive
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“Adversative.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adversative. Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
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