adrenal gland

noun

Definition of adrenal gland

: either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine

called also adrenal, suprarenal gland

Examples of adrenal gland in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Lehlani Edwards died of multiple injuries from child abuse, including a lacerated liver, hemorrhaging to the adrenal gland and other internal injuries, according to prosecutors. Sophie Sherry, chicagotribune.com, "Man accused of killing girlfriend’s 3-year-old daughter held on $1 million bond," 6 Sep. 2020 By the time Lou resurfaced as the head coach of South Carolina in 1999, his final coaching stop, the cancer had spread to Beth’s liver, lung, ovary and adrenal gland. Eric Hansen, The Indianapolis Star, "Beth Holtz, wife of Notre Dame football coaching legend Lou Holtz, leaves powerful legacy," 2 July 2020 This program has been shown to improve cardiovascular health, increase adrenal gland function and brain activity, and improve a puppy’s resistance to stress and disease. Popular Science, "‘Super puppies’ keep calm and carry on in the most stressful situations," 17 Apr. 2020 My overworked adrenal glands pushed me through sleepless nights and the boredom of those early days. Susannah Cahalan, New York Times, "Is Fear the Last Taboo of American Motherhood?," 7 Apr. 2020 Short Term: The hypothalamus starts the SAM pathway by sending signals via nerves to the adrenal glands, which release the hormone adrenaline (aka epinephrine). Bridget Alex, Discover Magazine, "What Science Says About Why You're Stressed and How to Cope," 21 June 2019 Mice lacking immune cells and mice without adrenal glands both continued to show premature greying after getting these stress-mimicking injections. Time, "Scientists Confirm That Stress Can Indeed Turn Hair Grey," 22 Jan. 2020 Up to 90 percent of these abnormal growths develop on the adrenal glands — a pair of small organs situated on top of the kidneys where hormones, like epinephrine and its counterpart, cortisol, are made. Lisa Sanders, New York Times, "Why Did the Young Mother Have Searing Head Pain and a Racing Heart?," 30 Oct. 2019 Cal’s version of Addison’s is called Primary Addison’s because his adrenal glands do not produce any cortisol. Pomerado News, "Disease doesn’t stop determined fourth-grader," 9 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adrenal gland.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of adrenal gland

1875, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of adrenal gland was in 1875

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Cite this Entry

“Adrenal gland.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adrenal%20gland. Accessed 5 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for adrenal gland

adrenal gland

noun

Medical Definition of adrenal gland

: either of a pair of complex endocrine organs near the anterior medial border of the kidney consisting of a mesodermal cortex that produces glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid, and androgenic hormones and an ectodermal medulla that produces epinephrine and norepinephrine

called also adrenal, suprarenal gland

More from Merriam-Webster on adrenal gland

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about adrenal gland

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