acquired brain injury

noun
plural acquired brain injuries

Definition of acquired brain injury

: mild to serious injury to the brain (as from stroke, near drowning, anoxia, encephalitis, brain tumor, or a blow to the head) that is not congenital, hereditary, or degenerative and that causes temporary or permanent symptoms including impairments in cognition (such as memory loss or poor concentration), emotional and behavioral changes (such as irritability, impulsivity, agitation, and depression), headaches, dizziness, fatigue, seizures, blurred vision, loss of taste or smell, impaired coordination, and numbness or paralysis of an extremity She had an acquired brain injury that left her with difficulty swallowing, an inability to communicate and limited use of her extremities.— David Robinson According to the University of Georgia, acquired brain injury (ABI) is the leading cause of death and disability for children and young adults. It also can result at any age from aneurysms, brain tumors, infectious diseases, strokes and drug abuse.Mercy Medical Center (Springfield, Massachusetts) abbreviation ABI — compare traumatic brain injury

First Known Use of acquired brain injury

1917, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of acquired brain injury was in 1917

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Cite this Entry

“Acquired brain injury.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acquired%20brain%20injury. Accessed 11 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for acquired brain injury

acquired brain injury

noun

Medical Definition of acquired brain injury

: mild to serious injury to the brain (as from stroke, near drowning anoxia, encephalitis, brain tumor, or a blow to the head) that is not congenital, hereditary, or degenerative and that causes temporary or permanent symptoms including impairments in cognition (as memory loss or poor concentration), emotional and behavioral changes (as irritability, impulsivity, agitation, and depression), headaches, dizziness, fatigue, seizures, blurred vision, loss of taste or smell, impaired coordination, and numbness or paralysis of an extremity According to the University of Georgia, acquired brain injury (ABI) is the leading cause of death and disability for children and young adults. It also can result at any age from aneurysms, brain tumors, infectious diseases, strokes and drug abuse. — Mercy Medical Center (Springfield, Massachusetts), July 2003 abbreviation ABI — see traumatic brain injury

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