: leaning or reclining especially at meals
the Roman accumbent posture in eating
botany : lying against something
used chiefly of cotyledons having their edges folded against the hypocotyl (as in many crucifers)
compare conduplicate, incumbent
zoology : closely applied to a surface (as of the wing scales of certain insects)

Word History


Latin accumbent-, accumbens, present participle of accumbere to lie down, recline at table, from ad- + -cumbere to lie down (akin to cubare to lie down)

First Known Use

1680, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of accumbent was in 1680

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Dictionary Entries Near accumbent

Cite this Entry

“Accumbent.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 30 Sep. 2023.

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