Vigenère cipher

noun

Vi·​ge·​nère cipher
¦vēzhə¦ne(ə)r-
: polyalphabetic substitution with alphabets derived from one pair of primary alphabets by sliding (as in the Vigenère tableau) for which the usual keying formula is P+K=C where P is the position of the plaintext letter in the plain component, C that of the ciphertext letter in the cipher sequence, and K that of the key letter in the normal alphabet and where positions are numbered from 0 to 25 and 26 is subtracted from sums above 25 compare beaufort cipher , progressive-alphabet cipher

Word History

Etymology

after Blaise de Vigénère †1596 French diplomat and student of cryptography

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“Vigenère cipher.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Vigen%C3%A8re%20cipher. Accessed 16 Jun. 2024.

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