Vigenère cipher

noun
Vi·​ge·​nère cipher | \ ¦vēzhə¦ne(ə)r- \

Definition of Vigenère cipher

: polyalphabetic substitution with alphabets derived from one pair of primary alphabets by sliding (as in the Vigenère tableau) for which the usual keying formula is P+K=C where P is the position of the plaintext letter in the plain component, C that of the ciphertext letter in the cipher sequence, and K that of the key letter in the normal alphabet and where positions are numbered from 0 to 25 and 26 is subtracted from sums above 25 — compare beaufort cipher , progressive-alphabet cipher

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History and Etymology for Vigenère cipher

after Blaise de Vigénère †1596 French diplomat and student of cryptography

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Dictionary Entries Near Vigenère cipher

Vigée-Lebrun

Vigenère cipher

Vigenère tableau

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Cite this Entry

“Vigenère cipher.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Vigen%C3%A8re%20cipher. Accessed 22 Jan. 2022.

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